The Top 100 Queer and Trans Women of Color Television Characters in TV History

Just a decade ago it was rare to have more than one queer woman of color on television at all. Now, not only have an abundance of such characters turned up on our screens in the last few years, we also have celebrated queer and trans women of color creators behind the scenes like Janet Mock and Tanya Saracho crafting our stories from the inside-out.

We’re standing at the crossroads of a new era. As the TV Team noted earlier in this week in our Annual List of Favorite Lesbian, Bisexual, and Trans Characters: “Politics and pop culture have always had a symbiotic relationship, which is why representation — legitimately good representation that explores the fullness of humanity of all LGBTQ+ people at the intersections of the myriad of oppressions we face — is more important than it ever has been.”

That begged the question: What does legitimately good representation for lesbian, bisexual, queer and trans women of color look like? How does that fundamentally differ (or potentially, overlap) with lesbian or queer women’s representation on television overall? The television landscape is changing rapidly. Where does that leave lesbian, bisexual, and trans women of color on TV? Where have been, and more importantly — where are we going?

Those are the questions that we’ve been obsessed with over the last month. We wanted to create a rubric that — while not definitive (we look forward to arguing with you in the comments) — would at least be an opening to the broader conversation. From that rubric came this list, a first of its kind exploration into the 100 Top Queer and Trans Women of Color Characters in Television History.

Some Notes on Ranking Methodology:

Considering what makes the best representation for any television character, but especially for queer people of color, whose identities fall across a variety of intersections, is necessarily qualitative and cannot be solved by a simple set of numbers. That said, it was important to us that we have a system of checks and balances to counter any of our own biases… otherwise, Annalise Keating would just win everything.

We began this project by scouring Autostraddle’s television database of queer and trans women characters of television. This database has been researched for years and, to the best of our knowledge, has the basic information covered of every lesbian, bisexual, queer or trans woman character ever on television (It’s the same database we use as a baseline for our yearly TV reports). We narrowed the database to women of color and came up with 400 names.

We quelled that list down to 300 by limiting it to regular or reoccurring cast members. Then we brought together our particularly obsessive knowledge of pop culture, along with LezWatchTV, LGBT Fans Deserve Better, YouTube, and Wikipedia. We narrowed the list from 300 to 110 names, and then we applied the following system for ranking the Top 100.

+ How well-developed the character’s story arc was on their television show, along with two separate overall collaborative scores from Autostraddle’s TV Team and Autostraddle’s Speakeasy, the collective of our writers of color. (These three were the heaviest weighted categories and worth 5 points each, for a grand total of 15 points.) Natalie and Carmen debated story arc together. The other two categories were selected for consideration to both the craft of creating television, along with the equal importance of the ability for the characters to connect to audiences of color.

+ The following categories were each weighted at one point each (3 points total) — if the show in question was critically acclaimed; if the character was written by a queer person (or if the show had a queer person in the writers’ room that we could find via research); and if the character existed on a POC dominant cast (because in real life most people of color don’t spend all of their time surrounded by white people with no family or friends that look like them).

+ We also gave one bonus point for each of the following (4 potential bonus points total) — if the performance won or was nominated for an Emmy Award (importantly, the spread of queer women characters that have been Emmy nominated in recent years includes quite a few QWOC characters compared to their white counterparts); if the character had a woman love interest (this is designed to measure the ways that women of color’s queer sex and sexualities are erased on screen. It is not our interest in contributing to bisexual erasure. Our list includes bisexual and queer women who sleep with men, straight trans women, along with lesbians who where never once given a woman love interest); and if that woman love interest was also another woman of color. And finally, we gave a bonus point if the character was portrayed by an out queer or trans actor of color.

+ We subtracted one point if the character in question died. No rewards for bury your gays on our watch.

What surprised both of us was that our original presumptive winners ended up — well, not being the winners at all. We think that has a lot to do with beloved characters who came earlier in our queer television lives not being allowed by Hollywood the same room for growth as those who came after. It’s similar to the old adage that each new generation goes further than the one before.

Interestingly, no character on this list reached a “perfect score”. The #1 ranked character came up short by about 2 points! Furthermore, the top 25 ranked characters all shared a spread of only four points total! The difference between #25 and the Top 10 almost came down to decimals.

Enough talking! Lets get to the list!

100. Sam Black Crow, American Gods

Starting off our list at #100 is Sam Black Crow from American Gods. Sam actually made this list by the skin of their teeth because the character is much more prominently featured in the book than the actual television series. In both, Sam is a two-spirit college student who’s cynical about a lot of the “warring Gods” happening around them. Actress Kawennáhere Devery Jacobs is queer, and said that was part of why she wanted to play Sam on American Gods in to begin with. You love to see it. — Carmen

99. Natalia Rivera, Guiding Light

When Natalia Rivera’s husband, Gus, died, she was forced to make a life or death decision: to give Gus’ heart to the woman who nearly stole him from her, Olivia Spencer, or to let her die from heart failure. Natalia opted to save Olivia’s life — much to the chagrin of a grieving Olivia — and became her assistant at home and at work so Olivia wouldn’t squander the gift she was given. The more time the pair spent together, the closer they grew… and their love affair continued until Guiding Light‘s cancellation in 2009. — Natalie

98. Rana Habeeb, Coronation Street

When Rana’s husband, Zeedan, discovers that his wife’s been carrying on an affair with one of their best friends, Kate Connor, he lashes out: outing her to her conservative Muslim parents and emotionally blackmailing her into continuing their marriage. But even then, Rana’s connection to Kate is undeniable and the pair reconnect, much to the dismay of her parents. From there, Corrie delves into a story that few shows have tried to tackle: religious homophobia and the lengths which some people will go to save face. — Natalie

97. Louise Taggart, Clique

Clique, the British series from Skins writer Jess Brittain, feels a bit like Pretty Little Liars and Gossip Girl had a baby. Only now that baby’s brought up in an ultra-competitive world that forces you to define yourself in the real world and online. The pressure and the desire to fit in are next level. Enter Louise, the self-assured, pragmatic, gay mathematics genius who creates her own luck. But even though she’s always the smartest girl in the room, the social game isn’t something she excels at and she’s too honest to fake it. — Natalie

96. Luna Spence, Burden of Truth

There’s a moment in Burden of Truth‘s second season where, just before she goes to the police to face questioning for her father’s murder, Luna Spence, who is Cree from Long Grass First Nation, goes out in her mother’s backyard and makes an offering of tobacco to the spirits as she prays. It’s a quick moment punctuated by a beautiful score that both reaffirms the show’s commitment to tell the stories of Indigenous people — a queer Indigenous woman, no less! — and reminds the audience of the power of representation on television to give you a glimpse into cultures that you might not have seen otherwise. — Natalie

95. Sophie Moore, Batwoman

Years ago, just as Sophie and Kate Kane are about to graduate from Point Rock Academy, their relationship is discovered. Facing expulsion under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, Kate opts to tell the truth and gets expelled, while Sophie, fearing the consequences both personal and professional, lies. But years later when she hears that Sophie’s been kidnapped and her life is in danger, Kate comes rushing back to Gotham. We’re just over a quarter of the way into Batwoman‘s first season and it seems like we’re just scratching the surface with Sophie. Since the show’s version of Sophie is so different from the comic books, I’m anxious to see what more there is to “Sophie Freaking Moore.” — Natalie

94. Jacqueline “Jax” Zhou, Pandora

Pandora was pretty universally panned when it came out earlier this year. But do you know what’s cool about it, anyway? The queer woman of color lead? She IS Pandora. Any queer woman of color who’s also the title character of her own show was definitely going to earn a spot on this list. I’m sure you understand. After the loss of her home, the New Portland Colony, Jax leaves for the Earth Space Training Academy. There she and her friends learn to defend the galaxy from threats – both alien and human. Also? Gay stuff. — Carmen

93. Rosetta Reide/ Danny Gates, Courthouse

Years before Gina Price-Blythewood would hire an unknown Lena Waithe as her production assistant on The Secret Life of Bees, she penned and co-produced shortlived series for CBS called Courthouse. From descriptions — since the show isn’t yet available for viewing anywhere, I cannot personally confirm — the show feels like a precursor to those Shondaland series we’ve come to love: Beautiful, highly talented people working in the pressure-filled crucible of a Clark County courthouse. And just like in Shondaland, the gays were represented. Judge Rosetta Reide and her housekeeper, Danny Gates, became the first-ever black lesbian couple on television. — Natalie

92. Kay Sedia, Marry Me

Sometimes, while doing this job, you stumble upon a record of a show or character you’ve never heard of and, as you dig more into it, you find yourself wondering, “Why did no one tell me about this?” That’s how I felt when I discovered Kay Sedia, the black lesbian character on NBC’s shortlived sitcom, Marry Me. The “soft butch lipstick flannel queen” comes out on the show by announcing that she’s got a match on Boobr, “a dating app for lesbians, like Grindr is for gay men or Tindr is for straight men and whores.” Hilarious. And, she was dating Ana Ortiz?! How did no one tell me about this? — Natalie

91. Nasreen “Nas” Paracha, Ackley Bridge

Depictions of everyday Muslim characters of television remain elusive; depictions of everyday queer Muslim characters, even moreso. But of the handful of queer Muslim women we’ve seen on English language television, none has been more robustly portrayed, in my estimation, as Nasreen “Nas” Paracha. Born to Pakistani immigrants, Nas grows up a working class town West Yorkshire and attends to Ackley Bridge College, a new academy forged by the merger of two previously segregated schools. Ackley Bridge does as good a job as any show on television of grappling with our intersectional identities…and for Nas, that means learning how to exist as a lesbian, as a Muslimah and as an ordinary teenager in Ackley Bridge. — Natalie

90. Tea Marvelli, Skins US

When MTV debuted the trailer for the American version of the British series, Skins, they made one crucial change to the first series roster: Instead of Maxxie, the white gay character featured in the British version, or Teo, the Latino gay character mentioned in the original Skins USA sides, there was Tea, a young, beautiful Latina lesbian. Sofia Black-D’Elia — who’d go onto play queer again in The Mick — is magnetic in the role, capturing the attention of critics early in the shows run, but the show, much to my consternation, never really lived up to its potential… or the high bar set by Skins UK. (Carmen also wishes she had been played by a Latinx actor.) — Natalie

89. Amanda Weston, Stichers

In Stichers there’s a mysterious government agency who has the ability to “stick” people into the memories of the recently dead in order to solve murders and crimes. Which is totally normal and not at all creepy! Amanda, a medical examiner, calls it like she sees it. She don’t like have their emotions toyed with and is just has happy alone as she is a part of a relationship. Which is why she ultimately calls it quits with Camille, who wasn’t ready for the kind of commitment Amanda was ultimately looking for. — Carmen

88. Christina ‘Chris’ Alonso, S.W.A.T.

One feature of police procedurals — and, honestly, most of the reason I hate them so much — is that they center men to an annoying degree. Sure, there are women involved in the operation but when it comes to the takedown, the sometimes aggressive moment where the cops finally subdue the suspect, it’s left to the central male characters. But that’s not the case on S.W.A.T. where Chris Alonso is allowed to be every bit the badass as her male counterparts. And while Chris’ polyamory story ultimately left a bad taste in my mouth, it doesn’t take away from how groundbreaking it was to see the story told on a CBS procedural. — Natalie

87. Shana Bring, Pretty Little Liars

Oh Shana Costumeshop. That’s not her name, of course, but I think that she’s become more famous for her nickname inside the Pretty Little Liars fandom than her actual name itself (I literally didn’t know her last name was even “Fring” until we made this list) says a lot about both how loved and a little iconic Shana is for a specific niche of queer television watchers, and how badly developed or thought out her character was overall. Saying that Pretty Little Liars was badly thought out is sort of a given at this point in our television lives, but for while it really was a delightful rollercoaster of crazy. Shana joined at the peak and was a big part of that ride. Part costume shop worker/ part ex-girlfriend/ part Psycho-style stalker and potential murder suspect, who says that we can’t have it all? — Carmen

86. Bill Potts, Doctor Who

Optimism overflowed when it was announced that Bill Potts would join the Twelfth Doctor on his journeys. It was miraculous: A show that premiered back when homosexuality was still illegal in Britain now had a black lesbian woman as the Doctor’s companion. Unfortunately, though, that enthusiasm was short-lived as, despite some companions lasting multiple seasons, Bill was shot through the heart in her season’s pentultimate episode. Eventually, though, she reunites — as a sentient oil — with the Doctor and convinces him to regenerate, producing the Thirteenth Doctor, as portrayed by Jodie Whittaker. — Natalie

85. Mazikeen “Maze” Lucifer

Before Lucifer had even debuted in January 2016, the American Family Association/One Million Moms had launched a campaign against it. The show, they said was glorifying Satan and demons by making them caring and likable… and having them look like Lesley-Ann Brandt. Thankfully that campaign failed and we got to meet Mazikeen, Lucifer’s former right-hand — “the most skilled torturer Hell’s ever known,” he calls her. When Lucifer ascends to Earth, Maze sticks by his side…helping him solve cases and operate his nightclub. Eventually, though, Maze strikes out on her own, becoming a bounty hunter… a job that allows her to use her hunting skills and get paid. — Natalie

84. Keelin, The Originals

A werewolf ER doctor, Keelin’s the last of the Malraux bloodline after the rest of her family was hunted to extinction. At first she’s held captive by Freya, but later they combine their powers to destroy Marcel’s venom. Of course that leads to them dating. And then they have the most beautiful, fair tale gone witches, picturesque wedding! Oh and after the series ended, we learned they had a son together. Extra cute! — Carmen

83. LaVerne “Jukebox” Thomas, Power

I really can’t explain why I loved Jukebox so much. She was a dirty cop, she pimped her girlfriend out to see if her cousin (a man) would have sex with her — for reasons that are now very hazy to me — and she kidnapped a kid. To be fair, that kid was very annoying. But all the rest of it is real bad. Jukebox was every single “lesbians are evil” trope, wrapped up in a bow. And then they killed her! Shot dead. OK there’s really no reason you should watch Jukebox, except, hear me out: Anika Noni Rose playing gay. ALSO, Power is one of the few shows that has built a near religious following in black households and white people almost never have even heard of. That means that Anika Noni Rose, real life Disney Princess, having sex with women was seen all across black America. I guess that’s enough of a reason for her to be on this list. — Carmen

82. Sandy Lopez, ER

Before we met Hen Wilson on 9-1-1 or Maya Bishop on Station 18, Sandy Lopez was television’s most prominent queer firefighter. She meets Dr. Kerry Weaver on a call to help a pregnant woman out of a crashed ambulance in the middle of a thunderstorm. They develop a rapport and when Sandy returns to County General for treatment with her hand, Kerry asks Sandy out on a date. It’s the start of a beautiful relationship for a groundbreaking character on a show that, at the time, was still the third most watched show in the country (22.1M viewers!). — Natalie

81. Angela Montenegro, Bones

When Angela Montenegro broke the heart of her art school girlfriend, Roxie, lost her muse and went eight years without publicly displaying her work. Meanwhile, Angela put her classical art training to work at the Jeffersonian Institute in forensic facial reconstruction. But then the exes cross paths after Roxie’s implicated a crime, Montenegro is reminded that the only thing between them that’s changed is time…and once Roxie’s vindicated, the pair share a kiss. — Natalie

80. Kith Lyonne, Jessica Jones

Becoming a go-to actress for queer South Asian representation, Sarita Choudhury — who also previously played queer on Blindspot — stepped into the role of Kith Lyonne in Jessica Jones‘ final season. Lyonne dated Jeri Hogarth in college but the pair broke up after Kith found out that her girlfriend had been cheating on her (with Wendy, who Jeri would go on to marry and also cheat on). By the time they reconnect, Lyonne is married but still carrying around the pain of having lost her daughter and Jeri was dying of ALS… but, for a little while at least, they make beautiful music together. — Natalie

79. Allison Wong,The Real O’Neals

When compiling this list, it was very important to us that we represented a variety of television mediums. I’m explaining that because when we first winnowed this list from 400 to 100, somehow Allison Wong wasn’t on it! She almost slipped through the cracks, which would have been our loss. As Kenny O’Neal’s best friend, one of the only Asian people and the only lesbian in her Catholic high school, Allison complicated the The Real O’Neal’s sitcom set up in delightful ways. The original premise was that Kenny was the only gay teen in his straight, Midwestern existence. But it actually turned out that he only thought that because he was blinded by his own whiteness and male-centric point of view. Lucky for us, Allison was there to force his self-awareness and turn his world upside down. If you love your gay teens crafted in the existence of Daria Morgendorffer’s pitch-perfect deadpan, then Allison is definitely the girl for you. — Carmen

78. Kat Sandoval, Madam Secretary

CBS regularly ranks last among the five broadcast networks when it comes to the inclusion of LGBTQ characters. Last year, the network had just three queer female characters in its entire primetime lineup, only two of who got regular storylines and screentime: Chris Alonso from S.W.A.T. and Kat Sandoval on Madam Secretary. And while it’s necessary to take CBS to task for falling behind when it comes to diversity, it makes moments like Kat’s coming out to her colleague, Jay, on Madam Secretary feel even more groundbreaking. It’s as if the “good guys” snuck one past the gatekeepers and, in Kat’s case, gave an unsuspecting audience a real education on what it means to be queer in this country. — Natalie

77. Prudence Blackwood (Also Known as Prudence Night), Chilling Adventures of Sabrina

In a piece about the lack of respect afforded to black witches, Angelica Jade Bastién wrote, “The lack of powerful black witches in film and TV is a symptom of a larger problem that has existed in America since its very beginning: the fear of black women’s autonomy and prowess.” Prudence Blackwood may be the exception to the rule. On CAOS, the teen witch, whose style pays homage to the great Eartha Kitt, is afforded more depth than prior black witches have been afforded. Write her off as a mean girl at your peril, Prudence has a tendency to surprise. — Natalie

72. Captain Philippa Georgiou, Star Trek: Discovery

Technically, Captain Philippa Georgiou is dead. BUT — and this is important! — not this Captain Philippa Georgiou. Michael Burnham brought this version of Philippa home from the Mirror Universe to the regular Star Trek one to save her life, because Michael felt guilty for her own Capt. Georgiou’s death. Are you keeping up with me? Good. Somehow everyone on board was shocked to learn the evil Mirror Universe version of her commander was … well, you know … evil. But she’s really been turning around lately. And she’s a complete badass (who’s getting her own spin off show soon). In her universe, apparently everyone is Pansexual, but she’s the only one who’s made it clear so far, having sex with a pair of male and female Orions during the show’s first season. — Carmen

73. Toni Topaz, Riverdale

Do I personally wish we got to see more of Toni Topaz on Riverdale? Of course I do. No offense to Cheryl Blossom, but Toni’s always been my favorite Vixen (or Pretty Poison? Whatever those crazy kids are calling themselves today). I still believe Toni and Cheryl could’ve been Riverdale’s most iconic couple — and Toni their best Sea Serpent — if they ever would just let her off the bench sometimes and get deeper into the Scooby mystery of the week. — Carmen

74. Sameen Shaw, Person of Interest

Dr. Sameen Shaw, otherwise known as Indigo Five Alpha, or simply Shaw, is a physician and a former operative for the U.S. Army Intelligence Support Activity. Shaw describes herself as having Axis II Personality Disorder, and which basically means lacks empathy with most people. She has feelings, they’re just tuned on low. The exception that is of course her beloved Root. Together Root & Shaw performed the impossible — they went from being a fan relationship to a real canon one, on CBS no less! If that’s not magic, I truly don’t what is. — Carmen

73. Rasha Zuabi, Degrassi:Next Class

Degrassi‘s always been a show invested in queer representation and telling stories that dovetail with current events. Rarely have they been as relevant as when, at the height of the refugee crisis and the debate over accepting refugees, Rasha Zuabi ends up in as part of Degrassi High’s senior class. The Syrian transplant finds freedom at Degrassi, shedding her hijab and, eventually, being able to come out to her closest friends and family. — Natalie

72. Valencia Perez, Crazy Ex-Girlfriend

From the moment that audiences first meet Valencia Perez — flirting with Josh Chan in the grocery store freezer section — she’s really, really wants to get married. She and Josh have been together, on and off, for 15 years and she’s ready for him to put a ring on it. But when no amount of prodding works, Valencia breaks things off. Fast-forward four seasons of Crazy Ex-Girlfriend and Valencia’s found the woman of her dreams and, again, she really, really wants to get married…. and, again, the person who she’s expecting a proposal from doesn’t take the hint. But then she’s reminded by her girlfriend that gender roles are tired and if and when she wants to, she can propose. — Natalie

71. Maggie Sawyer, Supergirl

This is my list, that Natalie and I spent the better part of a month pouring over in obsessive detail, so I will stand in my truth: I don’t like Maggie Sawyer. If I had my pick, she wouldn’t be here at all. This is probably going to send droves of angry shippers after me, but that’s fine. I know how to work a mute button. Clearly there 30 other people on this list who ranked even lower than Maggie, so not everyone shares my opinion. And yes, she was brave and strong and a good girlfriend to Alex Danvers. I love the part she played in Alex’s coming out (I could watch the “kiss the girls you want to kiss” scene forever). But people of color shouldn’t be played by white actors, and Maggie Sawyer was. That’s my line in the sand. It’s 2019 and I don’t have to pretend its ok for white people to “act” or “play” people of color. Our culture is not a costume. — Carmen

70. Abby, Abby’s

With its bar setting, multi-cam format and live studio audience, Abby’s has all the hallmarks of a television sitcom classic. But the show’s diverse cast, led by the immitable Natalie Morales in the titular role, injected new life into a stale old premise and broke a lot of ground along the way. With Abby’s, Morales became the first openly queer woman and the first woman of color to play an openly bisexual main character on a network sitcom. And if that weren’t enough, Morales was also the first Cuban since Desi Arnaz to lead a comedy. — Natalie

69. Cotton Brown, Star

As Cotton Brown in Star,  Amiyah Scott made history as the first out trans person to star as a series regular on network television. Particularly in the early seasons, Cotton was given more plot to chew through than any black trans woman role we’d seen before Pose. Those are two groundbreaking reasons that mean Cotton earned her spot on this list. Unfortunately, as years progressed Star — and Cotton’s role specifically — ran off the rails quickly from being a delightfully fun hot mess to being… just an awful hot mess.— Carmen

68. Aneela Kin Fit, Killjoys

When Delle Seyah Kendry started to relentlessly flirt with Dutch (Hannah John-Kamen) and set shipper hearts ablaze, the writers of Killjoys gifted us with Aneela. Also played by Hannah John-Kamen, Aneela is physically identical  to Dutch, but in reality she’s different in just about every other way. With Aneela and Delle, we get to see the former villains of an epic tale begin to fight side by side with the heroes — without ever losing the murderous edge that made fans fall in love with them in the first place. It’s redemption story that actually isn’t about redemption at all: It’s about doing good, learning to really love, and also learning to be yourself instead of what others expect from you in the first place. — Carmen

67. Daysi Cantu, East Los High

Before we ever got to know Ser Anzoátegui as Eddy on Vida, they were Daysi Cantu on East Los High. Whereas other queer characters on the show — namely Camila and Jocelyn — hid their identities from their families fearing a backlash, Daysi was out and proud as a queer woman from a supportive family. After presenting to Jocelyn’s life skills class, she and Daysi begin flirting heavily with each other, much to the consternation of Camila, Jocelyn’s former best friend and first love. — Natalie

66. Alex Nuñez, Degrassi TNG

In hindsight, when Alex Nuñez first shows up in Degrassi, with her penchant for tank tops and starting fights with other girls, we should have seen the gay coming. And, of course, her threats to out Marco Del Rossi during their campaigns for class president were just a reflection of her internalized homophobia, spawned by her new complicated feelings for Paige. But everything finally becomes clear, after the premiere of Jay and Silent Bob Go Canadian, Eh!, when Paige and Alex share their first kiss. — Natalie

65. Kennedy, Buffy the Vampire Slayer

Few things provoke as much fervor among Buffy fans as a discussion about Kennedy, who joined the cast in the show’s seventh season. Tara’s body had barely cooled from the assassin’s bullet when Kennedy showed up in Sunnydale — a Potential Slayer seeking Buffy’s protection — to cozy up to Willow. She was such a contrast from Tara, personality wise: Kennedy was a self-proclaimed brat who was unapologetically aggressive in… well, everything… including her pursuit of Willow. But, perhaps, that’s what Willow needed at that moment: someone completely different from Tara to help her work through her grief and anger and, of course, to reaffirm her sexuality. — Natalie

64. Heather Novak, The Sinner

Of all the shows we hadn’t personally watched and had to deep dive research over the course of this project, I’m most mad about Heather Novak. I didn’t watch the first season of The Sinner, so I’m sure I missed it as it aired that they switched protagonists between the first and second years. But there’s a black lesbian LEAD in a True Dectetive style moody whodunit and no one told me? And the central mystery involves her first love/ ex-girlfriend? And she has to deal with the racial politics of being a legal authority figure in a small town where there are very few black people? And she’s the quiet, brooding type, with lots of emotions just beneath the surface? Sign me up. — Carmen

63. Ximena SinFuego, The Fosters

 Ximena Sinfuego immigrated to the United States when she was barely old enough to remember it. Originally, she had DACA, but she  let her DACA status lapse because she was afraid that with the increased ICE raids happening in immigrant communities under the Trump Administration, she would be tipping agents off to her family’s new address. That leads to Ximena being on the run from ICE, and here’s the thing: No one is better at humanizing political issues than The Fosters. In the middle of all our recent debates about how to best protect immigrants, the show put forth this character. A face that you can name and see and love and learn from. When they rise to the occasion, nothing tops The Fosters and when it came to Ximena’s immigration case, they were at their best. — Carmen

62. Maya St. Germain, Pretty Little Liars

At first, I was very surprised at Maya’s relative low ranking on this list, I mean who doesn’t love Emily Fields’ dearly departed girlfriend? But Natalie reminded me of a lot that I forgot about how little of Maya’s life made sense. She was raised by supposedly hippie parents, but then they freak out and sent her to rehab over smoking a little bit of pot? She’s barely given a life outside of Emily or any plots to call her own. Overall, she is broadly (and pretty badly) developed. OK. All that said, damn she was really cute with Emily! — Carmen

61. Carmen de la Pica Morales, The L Word 

Carmen de la Pica Morales is so beloved despite how much she had working against her: she was a late addition “diversity” member of a show that was pretty famously white; she played into a lot of stereotypes about Latinas being “good” and “family oriented” while also being “spicy bombshell sexpots;” oh and she wasn’t even played by a Latina! Still, regardless, our love for Carmen pushes on. Sarah Shahi brought warmth and familiarity to the role and we all wanted to be Carmen’s friend (or girlfriend), how could we not? — Carmen

60. Nola Darling, She’s Gotta Have It

In terms of raw camera time, you’ll be hard pressed to find another character on this list who beats out Nola Darling. After all, the pansexual Brooklyn artist is the protagonist, narrator, and titular character of her own show. This also makes her a perfect case study as to why quality, and not just quantity, matters. Nola’s one of the most famous queer black women in popular culture (stemming from the original She’s Gotta Have It film in the ’80s), but her characterization remains tied up in the imagination of filmmaker Spike Lee. His vice grip on Nola, and unwillingness to allow a black woman (specifically a black queer woman) leave their mark on her writing ultimately hampers Nola before she even reaches the screen. It prevents her from becoming the iconic character she really could be. — Carmen

59. Shani Abboud, Orange is the New Black

Though it’s very important to note that not all Muslim women, and not all women from Africa, are required to go through genital mutilation — it’s nonetheless significant that Orange is the New Black decided to tell that experience with such tender care through Shani. It’s also vitally important that we experienced ICE custody through the eyes of a Muslim woman, and that we also got to know Shani’s life in Egypt – that she lived in a city, that she had an Instagram account, and a girlfriend. It’s breaks down the one-dimensional stereotypes that we often receive about Muslim women from television.— Carmen

58. Yolanda Rivas, G.L.O.W.

The way Yolanda Rivas comes out to her fellow wrestler, Ruth, is cavalier, even by today’s standards. She offers to spice up their matches by wearing a string bikini but Ruth balks at the idea: Yolanda’s left her stripping days behind, Ruth points out, there’s no need to go back. She’s not, Yolanda says, except once a week when her ex bartends; she likes to torture her by taking off her clothes.
“You like girls?” Ruth asks.
“I love girls,” Yolanda answers.
That audacity would be refreshing today… but in the 1980’s, where real-life wrestler Tiffany Melon was forced out of GLOW for being suspected of being a lesbian? Yolanda’s brashness would be unheard of. — Natalie

57. Felicia  “Snoop” Pearson, The Wire

There’s this thing we say sometimes on the TV Team: “I love a queer villain, but I hate when queerness is villainized.” I’m not sure that Snoop is a villain, though she is very violent, but what I most loved about her is how much she was woven into the fabric of her neighborhood. Snoop is never singled out for her masc gender presentation or her sexuality. It’s never brought up as an issue, not even once, in all six seasons of The Wire. She just gets to be who she is. If that person happens to be a gangster with an affinity for hiding bodies. Well, that’s a potential problem for a different day. — Carmen

56. Violet Cross, Harlots

Against the backdrop of two competing brothels, you don’t expect to witness a genuine love story emerge, but that’s what Harlots offers with Amelia Scanwell, the daughter of a religious zealot who preaches outside the brothels, and Violet Cross, the audacious, unapologetic street girl that catches her eye. Surprisingly, Cross’ role in the British period piece is loosely based on the true story of Ann Duck, the biracial woman who followed her father into gang life and built a lengthy criminal resume. — Natalie

55. Tess Pearson, This Is Us 

I’ve said it before, and I’ll say it again: Tess Pearson is the coolest gay tween in America. It’s not every day — well actually, it’s literally never — that we get to see a black tween come out to her parents and they respond with nothing but loving her and supporting her. It’s one of a kind, and over a year later I still can’t stop thinking about it. On top of that, Tess also struggles with high anxiety and panic attacks, centering yet another important conversation in black communities that often gets overlooked. And her celebrity crush is Zendaya? My girl has taste. — Carmen

54. Deniz, The Bisexual

 The Bisexual  is billed as a half hour comedy, but I didn’t really laugh that much while watching it. The exception, of course, is when Deniz takes the screen. She’s brilliant and dry and sarcastic. Her bullshit detector is on a hundred at all times. She’s hard on Leila (the titular bisexual), but she’s also loyal. To her friends, and also her parents.  When Leila pushes that Deniz should leave her her family liquor store to pursue her dreams of becoming a chef, Denis retorts “stop being so fucking middle class” — please give me more queer Muslims telling hard truths with a punchline like this, thank you very much. — Carmen

53. Cruz, Vida

Ah Cruz and her beautiful shoulder tattoo. Yes, I realize that sounds incredibly superficial of me, but honestly? What a great, queer, costuming choice on behalf of Vida. Anyway, in Vida’s first season Cruz stands out because she’s a lesbian who didn’t move away from her home neighborhood in order to come out. She made home gay all around her, and she’s fiercely protective of it. She’s tough, but patient, and at first seems like everything Emma needs as she works through her own internalized homophobia. Unfortunately that character development falls greatly in Vida’s second season, where Cruz becomes a zombie of her former self as she purposefully pushes Emma away. It’s that abrupt shift in characterization that finds her on the bottom half of this list. — Carmen

52. Nico Minoru, Marvel’s Runaways

One of the themes we see repeated with Asian characters on film and television — queer or not — is the concept of “saving face.” The idea, explicitly named in the iconic lesbian romantic comedy and implicitly evoked in last year’s Crazy Rich Asians, is about the ways in which people modulate themselves to avoid bringing undue attention to themselves, their parents or their communities. Part of what makes Nico Minoru’s Runaways character so noteworthy is that she’s turning that trope on its head. She goes beyond just being the disobedient high school student or being candid about her sexuality…she’s literally battling her parents and her community who are the embodiment of evil. — Natalie

51. Alice Kwan, Good Trouble

When Freeform announced Good Trouble, a spin-off of The Fosters that would take Callie and Mariana, post-graduation, to downtown Los Angeles, I expected a world centered around those characters. That is not what I got. Instead the Adams-Foster girls are just a gateway to introduce the audience to a compelling set of new characters, including Alice Kwan, the house manager of the intentional community where Callie and Mariana live. In the show’s second season, Alice is learning to define herself, both as a newly out lesbian and as a new comedienne. — Natalie

50. Moira, The Handmaid’s Tale

Since the Gillead took over the United States, Moira has been forced into a life that she never imagined for herself (and most of us would consider a living nightmare). She’s been under the constant threat of death because she’s a lesbian, she’s been forced into sex work against her will, she’s had to commit murder. She also never lost her will to fight back. Every chance Moira’s had to run, to live another day, to choose herself and her freedom — she’s done just that. And now that she’s made it to the American refugee community in Canada, her fight has only gotten stronger. There isn’t a protest she won’t attend, an elected official she won’t go to directly in their face. She’ll stop at nothing to make sure others know the traumas she’s had to survive, so that maybe — just maybe — someone else won’t have to through it, too. (Did I mention Samira Wiley finally won her long deserved Emmy while playing this role?) — Carmen

49. Adena El-Amin, The Bold Type 

Can I tell you a quick secret? Adena El-Amin’s actually the reason I started watching The Bold Type to begin with. Despite knowing muslim queer women who wore their hair covered in my actual life; I had never seen one before on television. Right away Adena complicated misinformed narratives about Islam and the choices muslim women make to honor their faith. She also dealt with real immigration problems and red tape and anxieties around being a queer immigrant that’s familiar to so many. On top of all that, Adena was give space to just be a full person. She’s sexy, insecure at times, an artist. She isn’t merely broadly painted tropes and that’s what makes it so easy for us (and Kat) to fall in love with her. — Carmen

48. Luisa Alvar, Jane the Virgin

If we’re being honest, we probably shouldn’t love Luisa as much as we do, but even                     through Jane the Virgin‘s most spectacular moments — like when Rose and Luisa disappear their underwater submarine hideout — there’s something so pure about her. She wants so desperately to be seen and to be loved and you almost can’t help but wanting it for her. Sure, would I rather have it be with someone that didn’t deem Luisa delusional and have her committed to hide their relationship? Absolutely, but, you know, the heart wants what the heart wants… and the greatest love story ever told would not be denied. — Natalie

47. Melanie “Mel” Vera, Charmed

It was a risk rebooting a classic series like Charmed, already beloved by so many queer women. When they announced that all the sisters would be women of color, we were intrigued. Then we learned that one of the sisters would be gay (SOLD!) and played by Melonie Diaz (BONUS!), we knew we’d definitely be watching. Right away, we fell in love with Mel Vera, the leather jacket wearing gender studies grad student (natch) who moonlights as a bartender and the witchy savior of the universe. Over Charmed’s first season, we loved seeing her bond to her sisters and her connection to not one, but two other queer characters of color, deepen with each episode. — Natalie

46. Tasha Williams, The L Word

Tasha arrived to The L Word just as the complaints of the show’s whiteness was hitting a crescendo. Alice’s eventual love interest, the army vet (one of the first of her kind on television, airing during the peak of debates regarding “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”) was meant to provide a different point of view than the rest of the West Hollywood regulars that populated the show. Tasha spent a lot of time with Alice, but she also had black and Latinx friends outside of their relationship and the show’s narrative. She served her country not because of some stereotype that it’s the only way out of poor black communities, but because she believed in patriotism and freedom. You know what I’ve always loved about Rose Rollins interpretation of Tasha? How often she rolls her eyes quietly in the back and you can just hear her thinking “these crazy rich white women.” That’s real shit. (and definitely the kind of lesbian representation I’m looking for.) — Carmen

45. Delle Seyah Kendry, Killjoys

By all accounts, Delle Seyah Kendry should be hated. She has done some heinous things — stabbing Pawter Simms to death, chief among them. She is ruthless and there is, virtually, no ends she won’t go through to get what she wants. And yet, somehow Killjoys fans still find themselves rooting for the character…in large part because the love of her son, Jaq, and Aneela ground her…but also? Who doesn’t like to see a queer character kick a little ass every now and then? — Natalie

44. Arthie Premkumar, G.L.O.W.

Arthie Premkumar and Yolanda Rivas, the latest addition to the GLOW roster, become roommates during G.L.O.W.‘s second season. And though they couldn’t be more dissimilar — Arthie is quiet and reserved, suffocating under the weight of her family’s expectation that she become a doctor, while Yolanda lives her life freely and openly — Arthie starts to develop feelings for her new roommate and falls in love during their dream ballet. They close out the season with a kiss and begin the third season in a full-fledged relationship. — Natalie

43. Grace Choi, Black Lightning

It starts with a little flirtation: Grace Choi happens upon Anissa Pierce while putting away books at the bookstore and a conversation sparks between them. That meet-cute leads to dancing which leads to a romance… and, for a while, that was all. Slowly though, Black Lightning is creating an identity for Grace outside of being Anissa’s love interest: She’s a shapeshifter who can assume the forms of her teenage self, an old man and a leopard. She’s a survivor of human trafficking. Fingers crossed that as Grace learns to harness her powers, the television show follows the comics’ lead and allows them both to be “young folks with outsized powers traveling the world, knocking bad guys on their asses.” — Natalie

42. Rue Bennett, Euphoria

At 11, Rue Bennett had an anxiety attack that sent her to the hospital, where they treated her with liquid valium. The admittedly unreliable narrator admits the drug gave her “this is the feeling I have been searching for my entire life…because suddenly, the world went quiet. And I felt safe, in my own head.” In the six years since that first dose, Rue has been chasing that feeling, looking for the right dose of something to make the world go quiet. She comes too close to silencing the world and herself when she overdoses and nearly chokes on her own vomit but her sister finds her in time. Euphoria picks up soon after Rue’s discharge from rehab, chronicling her messy coming of age a queer teen. — Natalie

41. Adriana Mendez, The Bridge

Leading up two Season Two of The Bridge, out actress Emily Rios talked about how important it was to her to normalize her character’s sexuality: “I want it to be an incidental thing, which is what happens in our everyday life…  It’s incidental; you don’t ever have to talk about it.” With Adriana Mendez, Rios was able to develop a Latina lesbian reporter — covering a serial killer who’s murdering people on both sides of the border — whose life didn’t come to complete stop just because she was gay. Admittedly there is a fine balance between normalizing and downplaying one’s sexuality. Adriana stands out for finding herself on the right side of that line. — Carmen

40. Amanita Caplan, Sense8

Amanita is extremely kind and open hearted, but don’t get it twisted — she will do what is necessary to protect the people she loves, most explicit her Nominees Marks. Like that time when Nomi experienced a collapsed lung and ends up locked in a hospital? Amanita is right there for her rescue; the two go undercover hiding while they investigate the doctor that planned to lobotomize Nomi to begin with! The FBI continue to pursue Nomi, but Amanita is on her side through it all. Giving us the queer sci-fi Bonnie & Clyde that really do deserve. — Natalie

39. Devon, I Love Dick

Devon is an unexpected gift in I Love Dick… a original character not featured in Chris Kraus’ source material. She’s the butch Latinx artist and aspiring playwright — who will, no doubt, seduce you with her expressive eyes — living in the trailer behind the house where the protagonist and her husband are having their artists retreat. A local Marfan, Devon grounds the characters around her…a reminder that, for some, this is a home, not just a stop on a journey of exploration. — Natalie

38. Camila Barrios, East Los High

Back when Hulu was still a fledging company and just starting to produce its own original content, there was East Los High. The show, which still retains the title of Hulu’s longest running series to date, made history after being the first English-language series with an all-Latino cast, writers and creators. East Los High‘s second season centered around the tumultous love affair between Jocelyn, a smart, talented aspiring journalist, and Camila, a dance team member with ambitions of making it in the music industry. The storyline earned Camila’s portrayer, Vannessa Vasquez, the show’s first Daytime Emmy nomination. — Natalie

37. Cameron Wirth, Doubt

Everything about Laverne Cox’s shortlived turn as Cameron Wirth was groundbreaking: she joined Amiyah Scott as the first two transwomen to be series regulars on broadcast TV. But, for my money, Doubt‘s real triumph was in producing the greatest love story for a trans woman ever told on television (and on CBS, no less). They were never shortchanged: they got to kiss, love, fight, date and make-up just like the show’s other couples. Cameron and Peter fall in love — her overcoming her trepidation and him overcoming his doubts — was like watching a fairytale playing out on my television screen. — Natalie

36. Jane “J.R.” Ramos, Jane the Virgin

Though in our regular lives, many of us find ourselves in community with other LGBT people, when it comes to TV, we’ve been conditioned to expect there to be only one queer regular character. If another queer character appears on the canvas subsequently, we’re like, “oh, a love interest for the pre-existing gay character.” Jane the Virgin broke new ground: When Jane “J.R.” Ramos showed up, it wasn’t to be a love interest for Luisa, the show’s pre-existing, perpetually unlucky in love, lesbian character, it was to be the catalyst for Petra Solano’s bisexual awakening. — Natalie

35. Davina, Transparent

I’m convinced that here’s nothing that Alexandra Billings can’t do. She’s one of the most talented actresses working. With Davina, she’s had a chance to develop an older, working class, often forgotten, HIV positive, trans woman of color and take her from the sidelines of Transparent’s narrative into a role like none other. Davina’s weary from the world, and she’s clear eyed about any tough decisions she has to make, but she also never loses track of the good either. It’s hard to play that optimism without also coming across as naivete (which Davina most assuredly is not), but Alexandra Billings nails it every time.— Carmen

34. Candy Ferocity, Pose

Candy Ferocity takes no shit. She knows her worth and isn’t afraid to go after it. Out of all the girls from Pose, her part admittedly isn’t the largest. But it’s certainly one of the most memorable (and not just because of her death in Season Two, a storytelling decision we’re still rightfully mad about and believe didn’t need to happen at all). What makes Candy stand out is Angelica Ross. The actress has developed Candy’s self-confidence to levels we rarely get to see in trans women on television, particularly for dark skinned trans black women. It’s absolutely Candy’s world. And we’re just candy girls living it. — Carmen

33. Kelsey Phillips, Dear White People

Kelsey Phillips is what we like to call a slow burn. When Dear White People began, she was the background comic relief (there were other black lesbians on the show back then, but… let’s just say, they didn’t make this list for a reason). In Season Two she came out to her roommate Coco with no fanfare. In Season Three, she’s quietly let us all the way into her world. We get to meet her gay friends, we watch her court and fall in love with the cute girl at the coffee shop. We watch as her heart gets broken and she has to pick herself up and try again. All without ever losing the funny quirks that made her such a scene stealer to begin with. — Carmen

32. Henrietta “Hen” Wilson, 9-1-1

Henrietta Wilson once had a successful career in pharmaceutical sales but she longed for something more. She unwittingly finds her passion when her life coach collapses, mid-session, and Hen has to rush to save her life. Seeking to prolong that adrenaline boost that comes with saving lives, she trains and joins a family of firefighters/paramedics at LA’s Station 118. While her work life is bananas — this is a Ryan Murphy concocted procedural, after all — Hen’s home life grounds the show unlike anything else. 9-1-1 feels the most real when it lives at home with Hen, her wife, Karen, and their son, Denny. — Natalie

31. Tara Thornton, True Blood

I will always remember when Tara Thornton came out dating a woman about halfway through True Blood’s run — it spread through my QTPOC social circle like wildfire. Most of us were already watching True Blood, thanks in no small part to Tara’s cousin Lafayette (who for my money remains one of the most important queer black men in all of television, RIP Nelsan Ellis). Tara coming out just felt right, you know? And yes, Tara also had a great whirlwind romance with Pam, her maker. But that queer kinship she shared with Lafayette? Damn, that felt like home. — Carmen

30. Lena Adams Foster, The Fosters

It’s not where you come from, it’s where you belong, and Lena Adams Foster made sure that she made a home for as many children who otherwise wouldn’t have had one as she could. Her generosity of spirit is what keeps us coming back to her as a model of how we could be living our own lives in a manner more loving, making sure we are using our various privileges to fight and protect those who are more vulnerable to systematic injustices and likely to fall through the cracks than we are. Lena’s brilliant, she’s kind, and just damn… what a Mom. — Carmen

29. Tamia “Coop” Cooper, All American

All American was supposed to be a show about football — a story is loosely based on the early football years of retired NFL player Spencer Paysinger — but during its first season, it also made room for Spencer’s best friend, Tamia “Coop” Cooper, to share the spotlight. She’s more than just the lesbian sidekick, at her best she’s the show’s co-lead: given consistent screen time, actual character development and a love interest that’s on equal footing with the show’s straight love interests. That much investment in a lesbian storyline is virtually unheard of… but for a black masculine of center lesbian? It’s unprecedented. — Natalie

28. Brook Soso, Orange is the New Black

When Brook Soso first showed up at Litchfield, I think we can all agree she was a little bit annoying. She came across as privileged and isolated from the realities of the world around her. With time, however, what started off by feeling like a bad parody of “#WOKE” activism turns into something else entirely. Soso has a quiet strength at her core that’s hard to turn away from or not take seriously. She’s little, but damn she’s mighty. She shows us that non-violent resistance is never for the weak of heart. And hers is made out of pure steel. — Carmen

27. Anissa Pierce, Black Lightning

Nearly two years ago, history was made: Still reeling from a kidnapping earlier in the day, Anissa Pierce’s trauma turns into a panic attack that unleashes her previously dormant superpowers. In that moment, everything changed; it was the most prominent affirmation yet that queer women could be the heroes of their own stories. We had our first lesbian superhero on network television, our first black lesbian superhero ever. The game will never be the same. In the days since, Anissa has been growing fully into her destiny: The girl they used to nickname “Harriet” is rescuing metahumans and helping them escape persecution via her own version underground railroad. — Natalie

26. Nico, Vida

Nico’s an army vet, which rarely get to see on television. She’s a masc Latinx person — something else that’s not seen nearly enough. And more than all of that, she’s a genuinely good person. Nico walks into Emma Hernandez’s life at a time where having a support system couldn’t be more critical, and she rolls up her sleeves and gets to work. She helps Emma manage her family bar, and through her steady confidence and empathy, she finds her way into Emma’s heart. Roberta Colindrez has turned a supporting player role into something that feels lived in and absolutely unforgettable. — Carmen

25. Tia Reed, Boomerang

To truly understand how significant Tia Reed is on Boomerang, you have to first understand BET’s history. It is a network whose founder once banned the Kiss Cam at Washington Mystics games for fear that kids would see women kissing. It is a network that once muted the mere mention of us on its syndicated programming. When possible, BET has sought to render black queer people invisible. But then came Lena Waithe — fresh off her Emmy win — and Halle Berry with their spin-off of the 1992 classic movie, Boomerang, and everything changed. They didn’t just bring a lesbian character to BET when they gave us Tia Reed, they brought us a license to embrace and showcase our whole identity. — Natalie

24. Nova Bordelon, Queen Sugar

It’s really difficult to talk about the wild swings that have happened with Nova over the length of Queen Sugar. In it’s first season, she was arguably one of the best written, most grounded, relatable depictions of a black queer woman that we had seen up until that point in television. Unlike the rest of the Bordelon family members who came from the book upon which the series is based, Nova came directly from producer, director, and first season showrunner Ava DuVernay’s imagination. She was modeled to pay homage to the long legacy of black queer women writers and activists that make up the backbone of black radicalism and black community care. Somewhere along the way, things became almost irreparably muddled, but for one brief glimmering moment — Nova really did have it all. — Carmen

23. Santana Lopez, Glee

Autostraddle’s managing editor Heather Hogan once joked that Santana Lopez might very well be the most important lesbian character on television since Ellen Degeneres. Here’s the thing — I think she may be right. Before Santana, lesbians on TV were largely either evil villains or they were moral angels burdened with the weight of representing the entire community. Santana was a high school bully, and after she came out of the closet she largely remained a sharp tongued, tough edged, mean girl who you never wanted to cross. But she was also a teenage girl who learned how to hurt others because she was really hurting herself. She pulled back the glossy coating of the High School Cheerleader Bitch and inside she found a gay dork. She was allowed a breadth of character that’s now become commonplace, and I’m not sure if it would have happened without her. — Carmen

22. Kalinda Sharma, Good Wife

The Good Wife was supposed to be a star vehicle for Julianna Marguiles. Her first big series since she’d left her role on ERho. But a funny thing happened — a thing that hardly ever happens, if we’re being honest — Marguiles ended up playing second fiddle on her own show. Critics, the audience… everyone… gravitated instead to Archie Panjabi’s Kalinda Sharma, the badass bisexual private investigator at Lockhart Gardner. Kalinda was everything: strong, quick witted, manipulative (when necessary) and impeccably dress (oh, those knee-high boots!). Panjabi’s portrayal of Kalinda earned her — and the show — its first Emmy Award, much to the consternation of Marguiles, I’d imagine. — Natalie

21. Elektra Wintour (Also Known as Elektra Abundance), Pose

No one can read a line like Dominique Jackson. My girl can read the page to filth. She’ll take a deep breath and you already know your life is over before the first word leaves her perfectly painted mouth. Even when in the background, her comic timing pulls your attention. There isn’t a scene in Pose that isn’t better when she enters the room. What we don’t talk about enough, however, is the pathos she has found beneath Elektra’s cool bitch exterior. That’s truly what makes the character most memorable. — Carmen

20. Bette Porter, The L Word

 Yes, when one talks about Bette Porter one must mention what a hot top she is; one must mention how cathartic it feels to hear her say “Fuck;” her prototype Power Lesbian nature; maybe even her unfortunate propensity for cheating. Those are all in the Lesbian Television handbook. But do you know what I’ve always appreciated most about Bette Porter? In the original The L Word, she exists in a mostly white space — but Jennifer Beals never stopped advocating for her as a biracial black woman. We meet Bette’s (black) father. We love her (black) sister. One of the first things we learn about, back in the very beginning of Season One, is that its important to her to have a black daughter. The writers of The L Word created a world that was largely defined by its overwhelming whiteness, but even when it would have been easy for Bette Porter to slip into the background of that framework, Jennifer Beals made sure that she never did. — Carmen

19. Kat Edison, The Bold Type

Kat’s high ranking on this list is nothing short of a marvel. When The Bold Type began, Kat was uncharacteristically unaware of her own blackness. She baffled and upset a lot of us — how could a politically engaged, 20something, social media editor of a magazine not unlike Teen Vogue be so ignorant about the ways her race effects her day-to-day world. What’s remarkable about The Bold Type is that they heard our complaints — and they worked towards fixing it. Now Kat’s bold and assured in her identity. She becomes the kind of woman who works through the complications of her blackness and her head-first approach to confronting racism with a black girlfriend who believes in taking a different approach. And neither of them is framed as wrong! Because there is no right answer on how to be a young queer black woman in America. There’s just growth. And few people have grown as much in these last few years as Kat. — Carmen

18. Mary Charles “M-Chuck” Calloway, Survivor’s Remorse

If you missed out on watching Survivor’s Remorse when it first aired — first of all, you are far from alone. Second, you missed your opportunity to get to know arguably the best lesbian character we’ve ever seen in a sitcom in the last decade or more. Why is M-Chuck so great, you may ask? It’s because her sexuality is never sidestepped — her conquests are legendary and there isn’t a woman she can’t figure out how to get in her bed. It’s also because she’s utterly and completely loved by her crazy family. They never ask her to make herself smaller or quieter when it’s so clear she was born to light up a room. Finally, she’s never asked to check her blackness at the door. M-Chuck was one of the only (and continues to be one of the few) fully developed black queer characters who was allowed to live in a black space without questions or parameters. Everything about her was a breath of fresh air. — Carmen

17. Emily Fields, Pretty Little Liars

Emily Fields is the girl next door who you grow up with, and never quite forget about once you leave for college. The girl you find yourself Instagram stalking that one night when you have Insomnia and it turns out that she’s doing just fine — she has a wife, a career. And you feel deeply satisfied knowing that even though your paths parted ways, she found her own happiness out there. There was a lot about Pretty Little Liars that boggles the mind in retrospect. It’s hard to even explain to be people the inside joke and non-sensical plot twists that helped define us a queer TV watchers for the first half of the decade. But there will always be Emily Fields, there with the glass in her hair. — Carmen

16. Annalisa “Quiet Ann” Zayas, Claws

“They call me Quiet Ann because I don’t talk much,” Annalisa Zayas admits. While get glimpses into her backstory — she’s a polyglot who was once married to a professor — Ann spends most of the first season in silence, quietly posted up outside the nail salon, acting as security, or diligently handling whatever crisis her crew have created, often without acknowledgement. She was, in effect, a plot device…a particularly disappointing fate for a rare butch Latina on television. But in Season 2 of Claws, Ann comes out with a scream: Vocalizing her opinions, even if it causes friction within the crew, and asserting her right to prioritize her own happiness. — Natalie

15. Tegan Price, How to Get Away With Murder

Tegan Price started out as ancillary character: An opening for her mentee, Michaela Pratt, and her band of murderous marauders to access the Antares files and get the information they needed to avenge Wes’ death (or “death”… I’m not sure which). Slowly but surely, How to Get Away With Murder has added layers to her character — she’s ambitious, she’s a lesbian, she’s an orphan, she’s married — and in doing so they created a compelling and unprecedented juxtaposition between her story and Annalise’s never before seen between two black queer women on television. — Natalie

14. Callie Torres, Grey’s Anatomy

My forever beloved Calliope Iphegenia Torres. If for some reason you don’t already know, Callie Torres is the longest-running queer television character in network TV history, appearing in 11 seasons and 239 episodes of Grey’s Anatomy. More importantly, she’s played by none other than our greatest bi-con, political activist and Tony Award winner Sara Ramirez. Callie’s so loved by so many queer women that when Natalie and I realized she hadn’t quite made the Top Ten we checked the numbers twice — and then we still checked them once more! What Sara Ramirez accomplished with Callie Torres is fundamentally groundbreaking. In that way, we see their current ranking as an honor. So many of the names that are coming up wouldn’t have even been a dream possible if they hadn’t been there first.— Carmen

13. Shakima Greggs, The Wire

Shakima Greggs very well may have been the first black lesbian I saw on television. The homicide detective often was the moral center of a show that famously dealt in grays far more than it ever did in black or white. Sometimes that also meant she was regulated to the sidelines of the main plot, but more often than not Kima was holding it down on her own. There are few portrayals of cops on television that I can get behind, but for Kima I’m willing to make an exception. — Carmen

12. Blanca Evangelista, Pose

 Any day that I get to sing Mj Rodriguez’s praises is a good day in my book. Pose is a once in a generation story, and so much of it falls on her shoulders to carry as the emotional engine of the entire production. It’s not a coincidence that Pose began with Blanca’s HIV diagnosis, with her desire to leave her mark on this world and create a family of her own. In those early episodes in particular, Pose worked because she WERKED AT IT. Much like Blanca, Mj doesn’t give up. If there’s a tear to be wrung out of an eye, she’s there. If there’s a punchline of a joke waiting for someone to hit it — look no further. And what about a musical number while we are at it? Blanca is the heart of her family, but Mj — she is the heart of ours. — Carmen

11. Rosa Diaz, Brooklyn 99

According to an estimate by the Williams Institute, bisexual+ people make up a majority of the LGB community and yet, when it comes to the representation of bisexual+ people on television, only 26% of the LGBT characters are bisexual. But in Brooklyn 99‘s fifth season we were gifted with the bisexual representation we deserve when the precinct’s tough-as-nails detective Rosa Diaz came out as bisexual. In an era where labels are often eschewed — however unwittingly contributing to bi erasure — Rosa actually says the word bisexual out loud and embraces the identity for herself. The success of Rosa’s coming out story is thanks, in large part, to input from her portrayer, bisexual actress Stephanie Beatriz, and it should be a model for every other show. — Natalie

10. Annalise Keating, How to Get Away With Murder

There’s a scene in the first season of How to Get Away With Murder, where you get to watch Viola Davis’ Annalise take off all her armor — her jewelry, her wig, her eyelashes and her makeup — and then she turns to her husband and asks, bluntly, “why is your penis on a dead girl’s phone?” It’s the moment you know, without a shadow of a doubt, that Viola Davis is going to win an Emmy and that Annalise Keating was going to be game-changing representation for black women. And then, at the height of the character’s popularity and just after Viola collected that Emmy, Pete Nowalk said, “let’s make her queer.” That was a game changing moment for black queer women, who’d never seen themselves featured so prominently on television before. — Natalie

9. Suzanne Warren, Orange is the New Black

When Orange is the New Black first began, Suzane “Crazy Eyes” Warren was depicted as a joke. A take on the ways that the prison industrial complex fails to serve those with mental illness. A supposedly sexually undesirable black queer character to hit on the conventionally attractive white woman lead. Well, Uzo Aduba had other plans. She found humanity in Suzane that by the end of the first season, calling her “Crazy Eyes” felt absolutely wrong in our bones. She found such depth that she went on to win Emmys in both the comedic and drama races — also becoming the first actress to win multiple Emmys for playing a queer woman. — Carmen

8. Elena Alvarez, One Day At A Time

The best thing I can tell you about Elena Alvarez, at this very moment, is that we’ll get to see her again. We’ll get to see her relationship with Syd continue. We’ll get to see her deal with teenage angst (actually, I’m maybe not looking forward to that part). We’ll get to see her go to prom (I hope another promposal is in our future). We’ll get to see her make decisions about her future and pick a college. We’ll get to see her quirky, full-hearted self again…and, for a while, I was worried that we wouldn’t get to see any of that. When Netflix cancelled One Day at a Time back in March, it looked like we’d miss out on some great moments in Elena’s life… but the TV Gods interceded and Pop TV saved the day. We’ll get to hang out with Elena and the entire Alvarez family again when they make their cable television debut in March 2020. — Natalie

7. Angel Evangelista, Pose

 It was probably a given that someone from Pose would end up in our Top Ten, but to be honest with you — I had all my money on Blanca. However, there really are no losers in this battle. Pose’ success in front of and behind the camera is for black and brown trans women, for black and brown queer communities. Their wins are on some level, ours. For that we should all feel triumphant. Never before have QTPOC chosen families been showcased in such exquisite detail and reality. It’s for us, by us, in a way that very little other television ever has been. And Indya Moore as Angel? They’re everythaaaang — both in front and behind the camera. When Angel enters the scene, you can’t take your eyes off of her. She keeps you mesmerized. In their life away from the show, Indya Moore has used their platform to advocate for trans women and gender non-conforming femmes of color. They know that what we’re trying to accomplish here is about the broader team, the greater community. They have no interest in being the only one in the room if they can use the mic to make room for a sibling instead. And that’s why we stan. — Carmen

6. Denise, Master of None

It is easy, when we talk about Denise and Master of None, to pair her entire story down to that one special episode: the Thanksgiving episode. The episode that cataloged ten years of friendship between Dev and Denise and ten years of Denise coming out to herself, her best friend and her family. The episode that gave Lena Waithe her first Emmy. But there’s more to the character than just that episode: There’s the Denise that earns equal footing among her four person friend group and who balances out the guys’ dating laments with reminds of what it means to be a woman. She’s funny, charming charismatic and really good at servicing women (“I can make a woman come more times in 20 minutes than she has in the last six months”)… which explains how she ends up with both Nikki and Michelle in “Thanksgiving.”— Natalie

5. Leila, The Bisexual

Desiree Akhavan designed The Bisexual to make us uncomfortable. She has no interest in clear, easy to define lines. No interest in writing queer heroes. She’d rather the muck of truth over the sheen of perfection. Maybe that doesn’t seem like a character we’d rank in the Top Five, but I can’t imagine a better reason for Leila to be here. Leila doesn’t  have sex with a man one night and wake up the next morning as a fully formed bisexual role model, confident in her identity as a person who’s attracted to more than one gender, ready to lead the charge to banish erasure and champion inclusion. She doesn’t even want to use the word “bisexual.” She’s grappling with herself, and her friends. That’s relatable and holding such a cracked and dirty mirror in front of ourselves is supposed to make us itch a bit in our chairs. Job well done. — Carmen

4. Poussey Washington, Orange is the New Black

Poussey Washington is — hands down — one of the most beloved lesbian characters in television history. In fact, if Orange is the New Black hadn’t made the unforgivable decision to murder her at the hands of a prison guard in a severely mishandled attempt to understand the Black Lives Matter Movement, Poussey would have landed #1 on this very list — with room to spare. That’s how wonderfully she was written, how much warmth Samira Wiley brought to her role. Poussey’s death became a wound that wouldn’t heal because her life… her LIFE!… touched all of us. For that we will always be grateful. We knew how utterly special she was, even when Orange is the New Black did not. — Carmen

3. Sophia Burset, Orange is the New Black

In an interview with Autostraddle soon after the release of Orange is the New Black‘s first season, Laverne Cox said, “I think the industry has to change and I think their ideas have to begin to change about who trans people are and what it means to have trans folks playing ourselves and playing characters that are written as trans on television. Hopefully [OITNB] will change the game of it in those terms.” Now, with the benefit of hindsight, there’s no doubt that Cox’s Emmy nominated portrayal of Sophia Burset — the former firefighter who committed fraud to access the healthcare she needed — was absolutely the gamechanger that Cox had hoped it would be. — Natalie

2. Eddy Martinez, Vida

In the last two years, Ser Anzoátegui has almost completely redefined what we think of when we remember soft butches on TV. Eddy Martinez is tough, but full of raw emotion. She’s soft spoken when others might be loud. She takes care of her family, her bar. She mourns her wife. More than anything — she feels like someone you already know. Outside of queer communities, butches are known for their supposedly hard exterior, but we know the masc caretakers in our lives and how valued they are. In Eddy, Vida highlights that specific dynamic in perfect form. — Carmen

1. Emma Hernandez, Vida

It’s funny — when we started this project, I expected Callie Torres to be #1. Or perhaps Annalise Keating. Definitely maybe Bette Porter. For while I even wondered if Santana Lopez could pull it off. There have been so many iconic queer women of color on TV in the last 20 years. But in retrospect, of course we landed here. It was always going to be Emma. Emma, who is richly drawn by queer Latina writer and showrunner Tanya Saracho. Emma, who Mishel Prada has imbued with hard edges and tangles of complicated emotions threatening to unravel and drown her at every turn. Back in 1999, when the idea of being able to rank 100 queer and trans women of color television would have been positively laughable, Latina writer Ana Castillo proclaimed that she wanted someone who could peel her love like an onion — layer by pungent, sticky, overwhelming layer. That’s Emma. She’s almost impossible to like at first, an ice bitch extraordinaire, but more than that she’s impossible not to root for. It’s fitting that the person to top this list actually isn’t perfect at all. Queerness is messy as fuck. So is Emma, and that’s why today we shall crown her our queen. — Carmen

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Carmen Phillips

Carmen is Autostraddle's Editor-in-Chief and a Black Puerto Rican femme/inist writer. She claims many past homes, but left the largest parts of her heart in Detroit, Brooklyn, and Buffalo, NY. There were several years in her early 20s when she earnestly slept with a copy of James Baldwin’s “Fire Next Time” under her pillow. You can find her on twitter, @carmencitaloves.

Carmen has written 709 articles for us.


A black biracial, bisexual girl raised in the South, working hard to restore North Carolina's good name. Lover of sports, politics, good TV and Sonia Sotomayor. You can follow her latest rants on Twitter.

Natalie has written 400 articles for us.


  1. I love that this list exists 💚 Also apparently I really need to find out how to watch Vida here!

  2. Pssst, you’ve got Elektra in the The L Word in the aughts where she’d likely be a senior citizen since she was Pose-ing in the 80s.

  3. Just think of me as a little Canary happily twittering to myself, as I find Sandy Lopez or Natalia Rivera, or even Kima or Shaw on this list!

    Also, may I pretend that y’all were sitting behind a table holding up score cards, Pose style?
    “May I present to you Captain Philippa Geourgiou? Watch that walk and those outfits!Work it, girl!Give me that roundhouse kick and self assured flirtation across three galaxies!”

  4. I am going to write a STRONGLY worded letter to SOMEONE about my wife Callie Torres not being number one!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  5. Hi! I respect what you are saying here (by the way I’m also multiracial, as is my co-writer on the piece, we would never disrespect multiracial identities).

    However, Maggie Sawyer was explicitly written as a Mexican-American or Latinx character. Floriana Lima has stated herself that she is not; she identifies as Italian. For further clarification, Spanairds and Portuguese people are not Latinx…. in fact, they are the people who colonized us. So, as you can see, it’s definitely not the same thing. And if anything, it’s a little offensive.

    Again though, I appreciate your time in reading the list. We’re very proud of our work on it. I don’t want to derail our work by continuing on this particular path, which can be very touchy for fans especially. And I understand why! My problem is with Maggie Sawyer’s casting, and Supergirl’s decision not to change the character’s backstory in light of that casting. I’m not trying to attack her character. As I said in the list itself, I think she was a good girlfriend for Alex.

    We do appreciate you. Thanks for reaching out!

    • Thank you for explaining your point of view. My vex was that you called her “a white actor”. As a multiracial person it just hurts my identity when people erase the other parts of me. And in the media especially that happens a lot- Bi and Multi racial people are either too this or too that for either side and it feels like we have no place to belong. I’m sure you didn’t mean to do that, so I just wanted to share my pain about it.

    • Thank you for explaining your point of view. That makes sense. My vex was really that you called her a white actor. As a multiracial person it just hurts my identity when people erase the other parts of me. In the media especially that happens a lot- Bi and Multi racial people are either “too this” or “too that” for either side and it feels like we have no place to belong. I’m sure you didn’t mean to do that, so I just wanted to share my pain about it.

  6. I just can’t fathom why Soso From OITNB is higher than Sameen Shaw. That is blasphemous on every level that exists.

    • Yes there are plenty of characters here whose descriptions I agree with, but I would never put above the complexity of Shaw’s character.

      Great list though

    • Yes! Thank you!

      Or Maggie Sawyer. Or Yolanda from GLOW, who I love as a character, but who doesn’t really get very many lines overall and no character growth whatsoever. And Arthie, tbh, who also gets very few lines. She comes out, sure, which is really sweet, but her gf breaks up with her because she won’t ID as “gay”? Or any of the superhero characters, esp from Black Lightning, who are frankly not well-served by the writing. And Cruz?

      I’ve noticed the ratings here tend to slant a bit towards more “soapy” stuff – that’s fine! – and while Shaw and Root had a unique relationship, it’s definitely not as romo as some would like. And, well, there could have been more makeout sessions, although at least they got a funny and hot sex scene.

      Of course this is all subjective, but I really think characters that have some kind of arc deserve to be higher up in the ranks. Shaw is a total badass, represents neurodivergent people, and also grows as a *person*. She’s also in a ton of eps, actually moves the plot along at a number of points, etc etc. And she’s literally the last person standing at the end of the show. >sigh<

  7. I miss Ximena SinFuego so much & the fact that The Fosters (of all shows) queerbaited us with her & Callie was so maddening.

  8. My gosh, what a beautiful list! So many characters that I love and even more that I’d like to know.

    Also, I nearly yelped when I saw Natalia Rivera on this list. She started out as a maid with an accent and a secret (spoiler: a kid) and ended up accent-less and rubbing foreheads with Olivia. Otalia seems like a lifetime ago.

  9. Thank you for including Iranian & Arab characters in this. It solidifies how I never really felt comfortable putting down white on forms(there usually isn’t a west Asian/swana/middle east option. Side note, I recently found out this was related to avoiding discrimination in the housing market in the post-WWII era in the US. Related note, I still think Illene needs to be criticized for her choice of having Indian/Hindu(Papi) & Iranian(Carmen) women playing Latinx instead of West & Central Asian. Would have felt more authentic to me.

  10. I know I am one of a few but thank you for including Kennedy from Buffy. I liked her character. Also I miss the Wire

  11. It’s not just about “offense” tho.

    In America there’s this ugly history of studios casting Latin or Hispanic people in only minor roles as servants or thugs and flat out REFUSING to consider or hire them for main cast or main character roles and casting Italian or Sicilian Americans when there was a Hispanic main character or main cast character.

    Yeah okay yes Maggie Sawyer was a blue eyed blonde WASP in one of her incarnations, but in her most recent she’s metiza.

    So Italian-American Floriana Lima’s casting aggravates an unhealed wound for Latin and Hispanic people in America especially actors who are still experiencing marginalization in their field in addition to all the go back to where you came from/you’re not a REAL American nonsense.

    Positive rep is very thin here and to have the chance to rep taken by someone who doesn’t experience the issues you face and missing out on a job hurts.
    Can you understand that?

  12. The thing with North America is that its population is not homogenous. We have people of many different backgrounds living here, but our media largely does not reflect that, and instead focuses predominantly on straight, cis, white people (mostly men). It often ignores entire chunks of the population. And in a society where racism and xenophobia are still huge problems, positive, accurate depictions of people from a variety of backgrounds is extremely important.

  13. Your post is a whole mess!
    First you say “I am sorry” in a “No offense, but I am gonna say some offensive shit” kind of way and then go off on what I assume is her behaviour on Twitter and while criticizing her for not conforming to your opinion expect her to conform to yours at the same time?

    The whole ethnicity of the original character and the open casting is totally beside the point!
    The fact that the character of Maggie Sawyer is originally white doesn’t mean that the people in charge of Supergirl were right to redefine her character as a person of colour and stil have a white woman play her. Just as it wouldn’t have been right to have Jimmy Olsen be played by a white actor depsite being redefined as black!
    And them having an open casting meant either a) they were always willing to have a white actor play a non-white part or b) when they cast Floriana Lima they decided they could get away with casting her as Latinx and changed her character’s ethnicity.
    Carmen never says that the character itself doesn’t deserve to be on here or blames Floriana herself in this article, she just points out that white people playing people of colours is not okay anymore and wasn’t ever really okay and that’s why she personally disagrees with placing Maggie on this particular list.

    I don’t really get where Carmen has incited hate or spread false stories and I can’t find any twitter convos that support these accusations. And I also am not sure to what controversial statement you are refering to since “its not okay for white people to play/act people of colour” is not and should not be a controversial statement!

    As to the accusations of double standards, Carmen specifically mentions that Carmen de la Pica Morales is loved despite her flaws – chief amongst them not being played by a Latina – but also doesn’t specifically make that point that it isn’t okay for non-Latinx people to play Latinx people but rather that it isn’t okay for white people to play people of colour.
    The difference between the two is that Sarah Shahi is biracial and from Iranian and Spanish descent while Floriana Lima is white and from wholly European/Caucasian descent and that makes a difference especially with Hollywood’s sordid history of white people playing people of colour that Riese mentions in a reply to a post below.

  14. I’m so excited we now live in a world where a list like this can exist. And I’m so excited Autostraddle writers have their own collective!

  15. “ When they rise to the occasion, nothing tops The Fosters”
    So much truth here. Such a shame that show never got the recognition that they deserved

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  19. Brooklyn & Sage from Utopia falls you guys!! Latina + Asian! w|w where have we seen that?!?!?!

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  21. we need an updated version of this! so many more shows have been featuring queer women of color this year

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