Rebel Girls: The True Stories of 10 Women Breaking Barriers in Contemporary American Politics

Header by Rory Midhani

Header by Rory Midhani

I’ve spent the last few months talking to y’all about women in politics because it seems pivotal, at this precise moment in history, to examine how gender influences our political system and how women fighting to be represented within it are changing it forever. By now, you hopefully understand the ways in which sexism defines the political lives of women, how women’s leadership transforms politics, how women transform elections, and why Donald Trump is the antithesis of everything good in this world.

I’m not done exploring the intersections of political work and womanhood. But I’d like to take a step back this week and let some of the women who have straddled that line tell their own stories. That’s why I’m here to showcase, for you, ten of the American women who fundamentally altered history simply by showing up and working like hell – from Hillary Clinton herself to America’s women Supreme Court Justices and all the way through the lives of the women who serve and have served in Congress – in their own words.


Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

Barbara Lee is a feminist powerhouse, and her story is powerful, too: A woman of color growing up in Texas finds the Black Panther Party and eventually lands herself in Congress, where she has been a relentless advocate for people of color and women and girls. Talking bluntly about the issues is Barbara’s bread and butter, and in the latest edition of her memoir includes an assesment of what’s ahead in the contemporary political landscape and how far we’ve all come in American politics since she started out.


Open Wide The Freedom Gates: A Memoir

By the time Dorothy Height arrived in Congress, she had seen and done what one could only refer to as “it all.” A civil rights veteran, she recalls in this memoir how she charted a course from the Harlem Renaissance and MLK’s March on Washington to becoming a political powerhouse standing, often alone, in her fight for racial and gender justice on the Hill.


Then Comes Marriage: United States V. Windsor and the Defeat of DOMA

In which Roberta Kaplan, the litigator who brought down DOMA, tells the story of how she and Edith Windsor let a spirited battle for gay marriage that will surely one day be remembered as a sea change moment in the lives of gay and bisexual people across the country under the law.


Fire in My Soul: The Life of Eleanor Holmes Norton

The politics of Washington, DC are intense and full of fire – and only someone hailing from the district truly knows it. In my years there, I learned not only how government functions on the national level, but also how local politics leave DC’s residents unrepresented. DC is not a state. We lack the power to authoritatively make our own laws, and we’re subject to the whims of congress. And our one member of Congress, Eleanor Holmes Norton, is a feisty firecracker who fights like hell – even though she doesn’t even hold voting power. She’s got an activist spirit, a strong inner sense of her own power, and a drive that’s made her a mainstay in the gritty, fast-paced world of DC politics. And she’s not done fighting yet. Read at your own risk of incredible inspiration.


Hard Choices

Hard Choices is not an easy read. I mean, Hillary Clinton has literally written the book on foreign policy. It’s a complex, wonky tome detailing the minutia of Hillary Clinton’s work as Secretary of State during Obama’s first term, in which she made women’s rights a priority of U.S. foreign policy that will remain one of her most powerful legacies. It’s an insider’s look at how foreign policy can be a tool for change, as well as the complicated discussions that make the matters of that type impossible to simplify into “right” and “wrong.” What Hillary did in the State Department was work tirelessly in an attempt to make America’s image abroad — and the policies it implemented around the world — better. That’s not an easy task, but for someone as driven as she is, it’s a possible one. I’m still working on finishing this book, which comes in at 500+ pages in hardcover, but so far my favorite part is watching Hillary’s relationship with Barack Obama — a former rival — unfold across continents and the four years she spent taking the lead on his vision for America and the world.

Also, Living History was amazing. Like, if you’ve never read it, read it first. If you’ve never read it, read it now.


Madam Secretary: A Memoir

Before Hillary, before Condoleezza Rice, there was Madeleine Albright: The first-ever female Secretary of State, and a figurehead in the movement for women’s full political and social equality. Albright served two terms in Bill Clinton’s administration, and recounts the details in this memoir that carries us through some high-stakes political drama as well as the events in Albright’s own life that shaped her career and her methodology for approaching issues of foreign policy.


Know Your Power: A Message to America’s Daughters

Nancy Pelosi wasn’t just the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House. She was also one of the most successful Speakers in history, certainly outshining the uncool Republican dudes who would follow her tenure and proceed to destroy our once-functioning government in the course of only a few years. And I can tell you, from personal experience, that she wears some seriously awesome suits over there on the Hill, where she’s going strong in the fight for a more progressive, inclusive America that lifts up every man, woman, child, and family unit in its borders. In this book, she calls on all of the women just like her — American women of all stripes — to rise up and fight like hell, with her guidance and inspiration lighting the way. I am also partial to including this book because I want to let you know that a letter personally addressed to me and signed by Nancy hangs over my desk. That is all. I have peaked and it’s all downhill from here.


Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg

I mean, duh. Truth Time: I was supposed to get a review copy of this book, never did, and am still suffering from how aloof and lost in the world I feel without it. There is no doubt in my mind that this is one of the best political biographies of our time, and I don’t want anyone to go through my own pain. Buy it immediately, read it voraciously, and come out of the experience ready to do as I do daily and worship at the font of Ruth.


My Beloved World

The third woman and first Latina to grace the Supreme Court, Sonia Sotomayor’s appointment as Justice of the nation’s highest court was historic and incredibly important. In her memoir, she recounts how she rose to power out of poverty, overcame hardship on the way to making history, and fought like hell to make it to where she is.


Forgetting to Be Afraid: A Memoir

Wendy Davis inspired us all in 2013 when she stood tall — quite literally — for abortion rights in Texas by way of a 13-hour filibuster of HB2, the bill that became law and then put Texas women in immediate crisis. Afterward, Davis went on to run for Governor in one of the only recent elections in which a Democrat had a fighting chance of moving in to the Governor’s Mansion in the Lone Star State, and although she lost it’s undeniable that she will bring her hard work and impassioned fighting spirit to many political battles in her future. From her time as daughter to a single mom to her own experience as a poor teenage mother herself, and through the halls of city councils and the Texas state Senate, Davis takes us on a wild and courageous ride through politics and self-empowerment in this book, one in which she comes out even stronger on the other side.

Rebel Girls is a column about women’s studies, the feminist movement, and the historical intersections of both of them. It’s kind of like taking a class, but better – because you don’t have to wear pants. To contact your professor privately, email carmen at autostraddle dot com. Ask questions about the lesson in the comments!

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Carmen spent six years at Autostraddle, ultimately serving as Straddleverse Director, Feminism Editor and Social Media Co-Director. She is now the Consulting Digital Editor at Ms. and writes regularly for DAME, the Women’s Media Center, the National Women’s History Museum and other prominent feminist platforms; her work has also been published in print and online by outlets like BuzzFeed, Bitch, Bust, CityLab, ElixHER, Feministing, Feminist Formations, GirlBoss, GrokNation, MEL, Mic and SIGNS, and she is a co-founder of Argot Magazine. You can find Carmen on Twitter, Instagram and Tumblr or in the drive-thru line at the nearest In-N-Out.

Carmen has written 919 articles for us.


  1. Love this list, thank you!

    As a non-American growing up in the 90s I have fond memories of seeing Madeleine Albright on TV and knowing she’s in such a great position of power, when in my country women were not really considered in politics.

    • yes! i had someone diss her when i posted this to my fb and you articulated every reason why i was like “bye felicia.” it was so important that she made room for women in the realm of foreign policy – and at the top, no less.

  2. This list is great. I read Hard Choices last year. Even though I know Clinton is painting herself in the best possible light, it got me on her side forever. She just seems like the most experienced, capable, principled candidate possible. I know she’s flawed, but I am still so ready to have her depth of experience in the White House.

    • YES. I mean, you REALLY can’t argue that she’s inexperienced. She’s experienced in so. many. different. arenas. She worked to sneakily expose segregation academies, and sexism, and all sorts of things starting VERY young. She knows her shit.

    • i’ve long said politics isn’t black and white – it’s easy for those of us who aren’t making the calls to say we were right and they were wrong, because so often the information we didn’t have or the pressure we weren’t under in that moment makes a huge difference and creates a new context. hard choices is perfect proof of that. like, even when i disagree with hillary – in this campaign or while reading this book – she wins me over because i recognize that her decisions are never surface-level. there’s always a deeper purpose, a long-term plan, a nuanced understanding of what compromise and progress can look like and how they can make a difference, even if it’s a slow one. this book is definitely not as fun as living history was, but it’s fascinating and leaves me with so much respect for this woman.


    I would also like to nominate The Majesty of the Law by Sandra Day O’Connor. I had a brilliant law professor, a woman who achieved a perfect score on the LSAT, who recommended the book. It’s good stuff. Bonus: Sandra also wrote a bunch of other books, including a bunch of children’s books.
    I wish there was a biography on Olympia Snowe. Growing up for several years in Maine, she instilled in me a deep sense of girl power.

    • yes to sandra! since she’s no longer on the bench, i didn’t include her – but what an amazing, badass woman. and olympia snowe and her have a lot in common – conservative backgrounds but with a feminist bent.

  4. Love this list. Wendy was a breath of fresh air in a terrible year for Texas politics, she fought her heart out. Can’t wait to read the rest!

    • i’m so excited to read wnedy’s, which i didn’t hear about when it came out and now know i need in my life 100%

  5. A little older but I suggest Shirley Chisholm’s “Unbought and unbossed”. Probably no longer in print but available in many libraries.

  6. I am hardly ever able to get all the way through a nonfiction book, but I’ll be damned if I don’t try my hardest with Notorious RBG. Thanks Carmen!

    • i hope you love it! i also hope i one day obtain it and thus satisfy one of my many life goals.

  7. Madeline’s greatest achievement in foreign policy wasn’t in what she said but what she wore. She always wore pins with different themes on them. Well one day with a meeting with the Iraqi diplomat he accused her of being a snake. He said you are wearing it on her chest. Indeed he spotted her snake pin that she just decided to wear that day. From that day on she knew what she wore made a powerful statement without uttering a word. How so, when the State dept found out that the Russians had planted a bug near Albright’s office she proudly wore a big bug pin on her shirt when she met the Russians later on in the week. A silent reminder she knew the Russians had planted the bug and she wasn’t happy.

  8. Thanks for this!

    I don’t know if we can make requests? But I’d love a list like this that’s more international

  9. What a waste of my money!
    Book burning! So disappointed in how the who idea is so biased and one sided group of ladies.

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