Will “The Color Purple” Get Black Queerness Right This Time?

The Color Purple by Alice Walker is one of those culturally-essential novels and films that has been internalized in the popular Black historical lexicon for as long as I can remember. I feel as though I have known of Walker’s impactful tale my entire life, seeing glimpses of the film as a young child on television and the book on display in my favorite stores. 

In addition to the original 1985 film, there has been a Broadway play, radio dramatizations, and now a musical film adaptation coming from Oprah Winfrey. All of these iterations are testaments to the enduring relevance of Walker’s story. Its powerful themes of misogynoir, patriarchal violence, Black girlhood, Black sexuality, and more remain extremely topical in today’s world.

Celie sits at a table and stares at Shug's beauty while she is performing a song straight to her.

It is that reason that inspires my excitement about the remake. It is crucial to keep stories that center Black women — our realities, and our journeys to discovering our self-worth — alive. Now, further generations will be able to engage with The Color Purple through this new film. It’s packed with an exceptionally talented cast including vocal powerhouse Fantasia as Celie, Colman Domingo as Mister, Danielle Brooks as Sofia, Taraji P. Henson as Shug Avery, and H.E.R as Squeak. I am particularly excited to witness Halle Bailey shine in the role of Nettie, as her vocal ability is like heaven embodied.

Until I engaged with the novel as a young adult I didn’t realize the level to which The Color Purple was undeniably queer, my primary exposure was the original film which does not uphold the sapphic nature of Walker’s text. The director, Steven Spielberg, admitted that during an interview saying: “There were certain things in the [lesbian] relationship between Shug Avery and Celie that were very finely detailed in Alice’s book, that I didn’t feel could get a [PG-13] rating […] In that sense, perhaps I was the wrong director to acquit some of the more sexually honest encounters between Shug and Celie because I did soften those. I basically took something that was extremely erotic and very intentional, and I reduced it to a simple kiss.”

Shug has her fingers resting on Celie's chin, lifting her face upwards gently while Celie curiously stares at her.

The queer erasure in past adaptations creates great hesitation within my own excitement for the new remake: will Winfrey and her team get it right this time? Frankly, I do not believe there is any acceptable reason for them to get it wrong. Speilberg’s original concerns are now dated, we live in an age where queer folks can and do unapologetically take command of screens and stages. We know audiences are ready and eager for queer exploration in the media, and with the amount of Black queer love stories in film and television still proving to be rather sparse, it is even more important to properly honor Celie and Shug’s story as written. Young Black lesbians and queers deserve to see meaningful Black queer love and passion in the media. This new film must not prioritize staying true to Blackness over queerness, but instead, acknowledge the interconnectedness of both in our world and in The Color Purple.

Celie and Shug Avery’s queerness is just as essential and powerful as the other themes most commonly discussed in the novel. It is through the realization and exploration of their Black, sapphic, and passionate love for each other that they experience holistic, healing love and pleasure for the first time after years of abuse at the hands of Black patriarchy. Celie is able to realize her worth and power through her intimacy with Shug, who showers her with the love and affection she deserves in the face of patriarchal violence. Shug Avery learns to embrace the divineness that is herself, releasing selfishness through the embrace of reciprocal care, love, and companionship with Celie. 

Shug stands on stage, decked out in a pearl headpiece, with her head held high as others look at her ready to perform.

Currently, the only IRL queerness on display in this project lies with Domingo and the screenwriter, Marcus Gardley — but they are cis-gendered gay men. And while the amazing cast and crew have already been solidified, I am left wondering about how this story could be enhanced by utilizing queer Black women actresses and writers that can more closely relate to the narratives of the characters. Giving Black queer women the opportunity to join this project would signal that there is a want to tell a truly layered story this time around.

The Color Purple is a phenomenal, detailed exploration of the inner life of a Southern queer Black woman. At the end of the day, I am ecstatic to witness it brought to life once more. But I hope it not only lives up to the iconology of past iterations but that it also pushes the narrative from the original text forward, honoring the Blackness — and queerness — equally and honestly.

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Amari Gaiter

Amari Gaiter is a writer, educator, facilitator, community advocate, and a lover of music based in New York.

Amari has written 15 articles for us.


  1. OMG I didn’t know a new adaptation was in the works. Thank you for this lovely overview and fingers crossed for the queer representation Celie and Shug and the audience need and deserve.

    • Hiya!

      Shelli Nicole here, the editor on this piece.

      The writer is aware that this is a film based on the broadway musical which did have many queer elements! However, this is a piece hoping that they transfer those elements to the new film and don’t erase them due to the wider audience that films have the ability to reach.

      Thanks so much for reading!

      • I realize my original comment may seem flippant, but I was really scratching my head on this article.

        I read the piece and I’m wondering why you would think they would not keep the queerness from the play. It’s 2022 and not 1985 when the original film came out. In many ways, it seemed like the musical was a course correction to the film. In the West End production, they fired an actress who had a problem with Celie’s queerness. Oprah is producing the film and she hasn’t nixed queer content in Harpo production films. There has been no indication they would shy away from the queerness of the book.

  2. I’m really happy to hear that Walker’s story may have the chance to resurface it’s potential on the big screen. I remember when I finally read the book, (after seeing the film.) I couldn’t help but think the movie only showed the tip of the iceberg, not only when it came to Shug and Celie’s relationship, but also just Celie’s character herself. I hope that potential for more visionary storytelling can be transferred in this new piece.
    Also Amari, just wanted to say this was a great read.

  3. the color purple was the second musical i ever saw on stage! i was eleven and in hindsight it was an absolutely wild choice for a mother-daughter outing, but i immediately memorized as much of shug avery’s song as i could and tried to get the book through my elementary school library. it did not work!

  4. Beautifully put. That one kiss in the Spielberg movie was enough for me at 16 torrenting “lesbian interest” films to watch in the dead of night, but the world is ready for more 😂

    I’ve seen two stage productions of The Color Purple. One made the relationship between Celie and Shug very apparent in the blocking, but the other almost erased it completely. Like yes, there was a kiss, but it was almost sisterly. Worse than the movie. I hope they get it right this time. The chemistry of the actors matters just as much as the lines.

    Or they could lean into the book and make it even gayer than the musical, but idk if we can expect that from Oprah.

  5. I have mixed feelings about musicals, but am now interested in seeing this one when it’s released. Thanks for the reminder that I haven’t yet read this book too! It’s now in my library and I can’t wait to get to read it.

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