I Just Need Everyone To Know About Riverdale’s Patricia Highsmith Parody Called THE COST OF PEPPER

This Riverdale recap was written during the 2023 WGA and SAG-AFTRA strikes. Without the labor of the writers and actors who are currently on strike, TV shows like this one would not be possible, and Autostraddle is grateful for the artists who do this work. This recap contains spoilers for Riverdale season seven, episode 16, “Stag.”

Just when I think the final season of Riverdale can’t get any better, it surprises me. I’ve even come to adore the 1950s setting, even if it means characters tend to speak in charmingly goofy colloquialisms, anachronisms, and American history 101 lessons. In fact, this week, Archie Andrews learns about the beatniks! He’s very interested in these authors and artists who eschewed convention, and Clay even teaches him the word heteronormativity. As a reminder, Archie is experimenting with poetry rather than football these days. And that experimentation ends up expanding to sexuality as well. Yes, I do believe “Stag” confirms some bisexual leanings for our dear Archie, who is grappling with the fact of his own squareness and finds himself in something of a situationship with his best friend Reggie. There’s a lot happening in this final season, which seems determined to try out every possible pairing the show has to offer, effectively making every single character queer — even if it so far has only played out in fantasy for some.

I find it fascinating that this 50s-set season has been obsessed with sex, sexuality, and sexual shame and repression, because it really highlights just how much the culture wars of our real world today are cyclical of the past. Much of what the teens contend with in this season of Riverdale is familiar in our real world context. “Stag” sees Jughead fighting against fascist oppression in town when a new code emerges explicitly banning certain topics — namely, violence and sex — from any comic books produced in Riverdale. The adults implementing these restrictions — including Cheryl’s evil father Clifford Blossom — use all the same talking points popular with the far right these days about book bans and what subject matter is “appropriate” for children. This season of Riverdale is actually the most timely depiction of censorship and restrictions on art and teenage autonomy I’ve seen on television recently.

“Stag” brings the sexual exploration themes of the season back to the forefront. New queer character Lizzo introduces Toni and Cheryl, who have been dating on the downlow, occasionally using secret boyfriends Clay and Kevin as part of lavender arrangements, to the underground lesbian pinup magazine Femme-and-In Magazine. The photos inspire Cheryl and Toni to have a pinup shoot of their own, with Cheryl planning to turn one of the resulting photos into a giant oil painting in the style of the pulp novels she and Toni have been burying their little queer noses in. During said photoshoot, Toni at one point holds up one of these in-universe pulp novels, and it is called….THE COST OF PEPPER. As in, an obvious and hilariously precise riff on The Price of Salt by Patricia Highsmith.

Toni holding a copy of THE COST OF PEPPER during her photoshoot with Cheryl


I had to pause my television and process this for at least 45 seconds. It’s just so silly, so good, so Riverdale.

While Cheryl and Toni are bonding over being hot together, the rest of the Riverdale teens are grappling with sexuality and desire as well. We don’t get a ton of concrete content on the ongoing Betty/Veronica front, but this episode no doubt continues their amorphous and scintillating arc as best friends who are also undeniably something more than best friends. When Veronica learns the boys in town are all riled up over a “stag” movie (also called “smokers” and essentially retro pornos that were black-and-white, short, and silent) Julian Blossom got his hands on, she insists she wants to attend the viewing herself and bring along a friend. That friend, of course, is Betty. But whereas I thought this might lead to Veronica and Betty continuing to feel curiosities about each other, it actually gets a lot messier. The film begins, and Betty cuts it short, recognizing her sister Polly as the star. Soon, she learns her sister is actually a world famous burlesque dancer under the stage name POLLY AMOROUS. And while Betty initially seems to have some internalized shame and stigma against what her sister does, she quickly comes around on it, feeling empowered by her sister’s sexual liberation and also coming to understand Alice’s strict grip on her own desires and libido as a harsh reaction to Polly’s life. Realizing just how deep her mother’s hatred of anything sexual runs, Betty finally stands up to Alice at episode’s end.

But before that, Betty and Veronica plan a special performance at the Babylonian (Veronica’s movie theater, because yes, no matter how many iterations of Veronica there have been over the course of the series, Teen Business Owner has been a consistent throughline) for the one and only Polly Amorous to showcase her talent. What follows is a burlesque performance set to “Rose’s Turn” — one of my personal favorite showtunes of all time — in which Betty ends up imagining herself in the position of her sister. Betty’s fantasies all season have been some of my favorite storytelling. I love the intricate nature of this moment here; Betty is only able to access her true desires by projecting herself onto her sister. Isn’t sexuality just strange and uncomfortable like that sometimes?

And after a full season of homoerotic friendship between Archie and Reggie, the two boys finally move their dynamic from a subtextual space to a very embodied one. When Julian attempts to “prank” them by giving them a stag movie about two boys wrestling, Archie and Reggie are confused at first, but their confusion gives way quickly to curiosity. They keep watching, together. Later in the bedroom they share, they wonder aloud about things, like whether Kevin and Clay are together (which, obviously, they are) and if there can be room for sexual experimentation between boys. Archie posits that there could be some “wiggle room” between straight and gay. And when their poetry teacher Ms. Grundy (who thankfully is not having a relationship with Archie this timeline around) challenges her students (Archie, Betty, and Clay) to do something they’ve never done before and stay up all night to see the sun rise, Archie ends up inviting Reggie along to visit a sex worker, who the boys see together. We aren’t privy to exactly what happens in that room, but it’s safe to assume the lines between a platonic broship and queer desire were blurred. After, as Archie and Reggie watch the sun rise, they tell each other “I love you.” It’s a surprisingly tender moment, one that again makes me feel as if Riverdale is doing much more with these relationship shakeups and sexual curiosities than just basic fanservice. It’s all shockingly organic storytelling — horny and ridiculous, sure, but not pandering or salacious. (In fact, the only moment that really feels like empty fanservice in the episode is the Veronica/Jughead kiss, but I’m not too mad about it.)

In both the Archie/Reggie and Veronica/Betty arcs, there’s so much nuance and complexity to these distinctly queer friendships and to how these characters are starting to explore their sexualities beyond the confines of rigid 1950s heteronormativity. In some ways, these storylines feel more queer than some of the beats we get from Cheryl/Toni and Clay/Kevin. With previously believed to be straight characters like Archie, Betty, Veronica, and Reggie, Riverdale is quietly blowing up everything we might have once assumed about them, the characters each questioning their own desires in visceral ways with real stakes to it all, even when it unfolds somewhat at the periphery. Of course I love the overtly erotic and femme lesbian aesthetics of Toni and Cheryl’s photoshoot, but I’m almost more invested in the sexy-strange nature of Betty imagining herself as her sister, of Veronica wanting nothing more than for her best friend to be by her side when she watches porn for the first time.

But at the end of the day, nothing tops The Cost of PepperThe Cost of Pepper immediately belongs in the Riverdale hall of fame. Good golly, I’m gonna miss this show when it’s over.

Now, enjoy Archie learning the word heteronormativity:

Archie saying "heteronormativity?" on Riverdale

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Kayla Kumari Upadhyaya

Kayla Kumari Upadhyaya is the managing editor of Autostraddle and a lesbian writer of essays, short stories, and pop culture criticism living in Orlando. She is the assistant managing editor of TriQuarterly, and her short stories appear or are forthcoming in McSweeney's Quarterly Concern, Joyland, Catapult, The Offing, and more. Some of her pop culture writing can be found at The A.V. Club, Vulture, The Cut, and others. You can follow her on Twitter or Instagram and learn more about her work on her website.

Kayla has written 810 articles for us.


  1. this season is turning into one of my favorite seasons. the 50s setting just feels like a nice closure for the characters from their comic counterparts + everyone turning out to be queer (except jughead, i guess) is just so much fun.
    also – something i’ve been seeing on the internet is how this episode and the last few episodes were not narrated by jughead and thus how it’s affecting the different characters storylines. i think specifically archie is no longer tryna choose between girls and feels like he has all this weight on his shoulders. tbh, idk what it all means and have no idea how the show is gonna wrap up, but just found it cool. i’m clearly enjoying the ride.

    oh yeah and wanted to +1 the comment above that The Cost of Pepper has made an appearance before on the show. lmao, remember the serial killer memorabilia site, e-slay?

  2. I’ve never watched Riverdale but damn, Kayla, your reviews are so wonderful and nuanced that they serve as meditations on sexuality by themselves! They also make me want to give Riverdale a try but it’s a bit daunting to start such a long (and narratively weird) series, does anyone have advice on where to start in order to get hooked?

    • As someone who has watched this show since the beginning, I would say that one of the silliest yet greatest things about Riverdale is that because there is very little plot thru-line or logic at this point, you can basically jump in at any season. It’s like reading seven different Archie comic fanfictions from seven very different fanfic writers.

      My suggestion would be to start with season 1, since it has the most cohesive plotline (edgy teens + murder mystery) and establishes many of the characters and tropes that they later riff on.

      Seasons 2, 3 & 4 have a small town gothic vibe, dungeons and dragons paranoia, serial killers, a dark academia prep school and mysterious cults. Also musical numbers.

      Season 5 has a huge time skip and follows the characters as adults returning to Riverdale many years later. It starts out fairly grounded and then gradually lifts off from reality into more surreal things.

      Season 6 takes place in Rivervale, an alternate dimension version of Riverdale, where everything is weird. Lots of horror tropes. Also the characters develop superpowers.

      Season 7 takes place in 1950s Riverdale and, like Season 1, has no magical elements (so far!)

    • I would start from the beginning and go all the way through, because I think Riverdale’s charm is in its ever-escalating stakes and it’s hard to appreciate the veer into multi-verse hopping superpowered wackiness in s6 without watching its first, pretty grounded season.

      Personally I was hooked by mid-Season 2, because that’s where things start getting real weird and I learned to stop being frustrated with weird pacing or plots that made no sense and just enjoy the (fun & deeply intentional!) nonsense that was happening on my screen. Riverdale isn’t trying to tell one coherent story as much as it’s trying to explore & blend genres and tropes, escalate the stakes to unfathomable levels, and also make every character queer (there’s somewhere around 30 major and recurring characters who are either textually or heavily implied to be queer).

      Also, it’s fun to watch the show and keep in mind that the showrunner once wrote a play about Archie moving to New York and coming out as gay, was sent a cease-and-desist the day before its premiere, and then proceeded to have a career that culminated in him serving as both the chief creative officer of Archie comics and the showrunner of Riverdale. You gotta admire the dedication.

  3. I stopped watching after around season 3 (couldn’t stand the Archie goes to prison plotline) but reading this makes me wanna jump back in! Any suggestions on where I can dip back in without feeling like I’ve missed too much?

  4. I’m a very long time fan of Archie comics, but have only come to love the show Riverdale this year! It takes all the classic Archie tropes and makes them so gloriously, joyously queer! And yeah, the social commentary through the 50’s lens is especially well done.

    Just want to mention, the restrictive code Jughead is fighting is based on a very real thing. Born from a book by crackpot Fredric Wertham called “Seduction of The Innocent,” which posed that juvenile delinquency was caused by comic books, specifically the horror comics published by EC, it became the “Comics Code Authority” which almost killed comics of the era. It was adhered to by mainstream publishers until (I think) the early 80’s.

    The real Pep comics was where Archie made his debut.

    In any case, kudos to the folks at Archie comics, who have been unexpectedly groundbreaking within the industry, often with far less acknowledgement from comics fandom than they deserve.

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