We Relived the Black, Feminist Magic of “Living Single” and You Can Too

Living Single, the quintessential sitcom of the 90s — at least for Black women — was finally added to Hulu’s online streaming in January. Rejoice and binge!

In an era of cash-grab reboots and seemingly-identical multi-camera sitcoms lacking identity or, apparently, purpose, it’s comforting to return to one of the OGs. Living Single created the tropes that now saturate TV, but pleasantly, over 20 years later, it still holds up.

The ’90s were chock-full of incredible Black sitcoms: A Different World, Family Matters, the Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, and my personal favorite as a young person, My Brother and Me, showed for-the-time diverse representations of Black life. In retrospect we can see that it’s overwhelmingly upper/middle class, cis, straight Black life, but at least we weren’t all in poverty or just sidekicks, tokens, and/or comic relief. Living Single was also the very first primetime comedy developed by a Black woman, Yvette Lee Bowser!

And it shows. A perfect example of 90s Black feminist media, the show makes plain its message and aesthetic with its theme song, performed by Queen Latifah — who also plays main character Khadijah, in one of her first major acting roles. “I]n a nineties kind of world/ I’m glad I got my girls/…Whenever this life gets tough, you gotta fight/ With my homegirls standing to my left and my right.”

The series focuses on the professional, personal, and — especially — love lives of four single Black women in their mid-to-late 20s as they attempt to find fulfilling relationships and career success in New York City. Living Single premiered in 1993, a year before Friends, five years before Sex and the City, and long before Girls. All of these shows (and so many others) are about a group of single professional women in a big city, and all of them borrowed Living Single’s premise —except with all-white casts). Living Single also premiered years before the Spice Girls brought “Girl Power” to the masses and ushered in a mainstream ’90s feminism that owed a lot to the show.

Looking at Living Single from 2018 is interesting. Unlike many ’90s (and, honestly, 2000s) sitcoms, which don’t hold up because of their pervasive casual misogyny and transantagonism, Living Single seems remarkably ahead of its time and offers meaningful messages that continue to resonate.

Knowing what we now (sort of) know about Queen Latifah, I was excited for a rewatch to see whether any lesbianism would work its way to the surface. While Latifah has played straight characters for most of her career, it’s a little disappointing in retrospect to see main character Khadijah join her peers in pining over men (who, true to ’90s Black mainstream media tropes, all appear to be ain’t shit). However aggressively heterosexual she plays her character, though, something that’s so refreshing about Living Single is how resolutely these women choose their friendships over their relationships with men.

Well, most of the time. As early as the second episode, Maxine and Regine have a falling out when Maxine dates Regine’s ex. By the end of the episode, though, they resolve to always prioritize each other and to never let a man get between them — unless he’s “really fine,” of course, then “all bets are off.” It’s funny in context, especially given the cackling that follows. And the next scene sees them all in pajamas, gettig ready for bed and singing about how much they love each other.

This factor is a consistent joy throughout the rewatch. The women have wildly different opinions about the issues they face, and butt heads often, but always seem to respect each other. A common thread in contemporary sitcoms is that writers and producers seem to confuse being mean with being funny. Khadijah and Regine, especially, rib each other constantly, but you can always see that the love is there. This is something that Black people will immediately recognize — it’s called “signifyin’” or “playing the dozens” — but something non-Black communities seem to struggle with.

Consider this scene from Friends:

Ross insults his sister, and though she’s smiling you can tell she’s upset. She decides to fire back at everyone else in the room by mentioning what might be their most embarrassing experiences, and the looks on everyone’s faces show that they’re shocked and bothered. Monica runs out of the room. (In the same episode: Joey punishes Chandler for kissing his girlfriend, who he was emphatically not exclusive with, by locking him in a huge wooden box; and Ross continuously badgers Rachel over something minor and turns it into an emotional fight despite it being Thanksgiving dinner and Monica having a date at the table). Regardless of the title of the show, they don’t seem like very good friends.

But on Living Single, it’s clear that the characters are in it for each other. In the third episode, the crew finds out that Synclaire hasn’t been on a date in a while. Regine resolves to set Synclaire up, and in the process teases Khadijah about her lack of a love life. Khadijah fires back at Regine for “giving it away with a double coupon” — sex shaming Regine, and not for the first or last time — but Regine smiles and shrugs in response. At no point does this back and forth feel nasty. They’re just teasing each other, and love each other, and this is shown by how, when it matters, they consistently have each other’s backs.

They also consistently laugh at each other’s jokes, something I didn’t realize was missing from other sitcoms until I rewatched this one. Their smiles and laughter are proof that they’re not just throwing insults at each other, they’re exchanging jokes with each other. The difference is crucial.

The girls regularly trade the role of butt of the joke — Regine gets back at Khadijah a bit later, when Khadijah asks Synclaire whether she wants to be hooked up with “some sorry excuse for a date,” or whether she want to “run her own life.” After a pause, and with a huge smile, she exclaims, “I want a date!”

Regine has a lot of sex, and though the other girls rib her for it, they don’t look down on her (unlike on Sex and the City, wherein Carrie sleeps with a new guy every episode but still can’t seem to resist sex-shaming Samantha constantly). Khadijah is often positioned as the moral center of the show, but she also validates the other girls’ positions when they diverge from her own. Khadijah seems to want Synclaire to be more like her — self-possessed and independent — but as soon as the others start setting Synclaire up on her date, Khadijah doesn’t interfere. Neither do any of the other girls — who all seem to want Synclaire to be a high-powered, successful, independent woman like themselves — look down on her for eventually getting together with simple-minded but sweet Overton.

This example also illuminates how the show, like its contemporaries, had to walk a fine line between expressing its feminist message and capitulating to the cultural expectation that success means finding a husband as much as having one’s career ambitions validated. “What would the world be like without men?” Asks Synclaire in the first episode. “A bunch of fat, happy women and no crime,” declares Khadijah. Nonetheless all of the women prioritize dating and relationships at least as much as their careers.

The girls do have careers, though. Maxine is a successful divorce attorney (who brags in the first episode about a case she just won, in the wife’s favor, and positions herself as using her career as a means to right past, sexist wrongs). Khadijah runs a Black women’s magazine with a clear feminist bent. When Synclaire accidentally ruins a Maya Angelou cover story, Khadijah audibles and runs a story exposing men who lie about being married to sleep with and then dispose of women. Synclaire is Khadijah’s assistant, and also an aspiring actress, but also seems content with a simple life focused on interpersonal relationships. Regine does a variety of things. She’s ostensibly a buyer for a clothing boutique, but her primary career seems to be as a negotiator of the patriarchal bargain: using men for their money to promote herself and live the kind of life she wants.

Khadijah, Maxine, Synclaire, and Regine are a fascinating, diverse group that introduced the standard sitcom blueprint with which we’re now quite familiar. Khadijah is the straight-laced voice of reason; Regine is the sexually-charged, upwardly-mobile maneater; Synclaire is the new age, book-dumb, lovable weirdo; and Maxine is the quirky, self-possessed but often single battle-axe.

Also part of the group are their male friends: Kyle, an arrogant but charming stockbroker who mirrors Regine (an early scene where they, in unison, go over the standard “it’s not you, it’s me” breakup speech is gold); and Overton, a simple, earnest handyman who is a foil (and love interest) to Synclaire. And the parade of mostly uninteresting (and largely terrible) men they date throughout the series.

Living Single is more than just the blueprint for future TV sitcoms, however. Like the shows that came afterward, it attempted to validate the experiences of “modern,” career-oriented women and the struggles they face to be successful in their lives and loves. But it did so with something so many of the sitcoms that came afterward lack: heart.

I like my television to be entertainment first and foremost — simultaneously funny, relatable and, well, entertaining. The best shows, however, provide a thoughtful window into deeper aspects of the human experience: the nature of intimate friendship; or the difficulty in navigating a sexist, patriarchal culture; or the paradox of wanting to succeed on one’s own terms coupled with the desire to be validated in spite of that success (or lack thereof). What Living Single did so poignantly was capture these ideas without succumbing to the basest aspects of the human experience, especially when portrayals of women are involved. The put-downs, the jockeying for position in the eyes of men, the insults and backstabbing and cheating and blatant disrespect.

In this way, Living Single stands among the greats, and is fully deserving of a nice, long block of time in your binge watching schedule.

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Abeni Jones

Abeni Jones is a trans woman of color artist, educator, writer, and designer living in the Bay Area, CA.

Abeni has written 91 articles for us.


  1. Great article Abeni! I am on season 1 of Living Single (and have been looking for queer undertones as well).

    This show is one of the few that I can watch & rewatch and still feel like it’s relevant to life right now.

  2. Best episode: Maxine is played by Erika Alexander who was Cousin Pam on the Cosby Show. Her best friend was Charmaine (Karen Malina White). So, Living Single. Karen Malina White guests as Maxine’s other best friend who’s coming to Brooklyn to get married. Max hasn’t the fiance, Chris. All the women speculate on what this dude might be like and are surprised when Chris is female. Then later Karen’s character revealed that she was in love with Max in college. I love that, especially at that time, you had black women supporting a black lesbian– the wedding was actually in the Brooklyn brownstone. So rare to see that kind of representation and support on tv. Still is. Plus, Max doesn’t freak when she finds out about her friends old feelings. She’s shocked but ultimately just loves her friend. Dope!


  3. Love the article and the show. As a kid I use to love Thursday nights on Fox because if I remember correctly I was able to watch In Living Single, In Living Color, & Martin(BET has it, but mad that their commercials are like 5 minutes long) all in the same night on Fox(weird as this sounds). I personally could never get into Friends, and think it’s because it’s too white(I don’t even this Schwimer was Jewish on the show). Plus, as a kid Queen Latifah was nearly everywhere; I’d turn on MTV, VH1, BET, & the Box network(remember that music channel?) hoping the U.N.I.T.Y. video was playing(among a few other videos). I even watched that movie she did with Jimmy Fallon, Taxi, mostly because of her.

    Side note, the Bounce network during the day(weekdays from what I’ve seen) plays at least an hour of In Living Single a day. I know one can get it if they have those digital antenna, but not sure if cable(will check if my carrier offers it when I get home) or satellite carries it.

    • I remember watching Thurs nights on Fox! I remember the line up as Living Single, Martin and New York Undercover.

      And NBC had a similar line up on Thurs, but white – Friends, Seinfeld and either NYPD Blue or ER.

      (Bizarre the things I remember)

  4. Living Single is the best friendship-centric sitcom ever made, and will accept no pre-2000s challenges (looking at you, “Friends”) except for Golden Girls. Khadijah and company set the stage for newer shows I love like Broad City and Brown Girls and Insecure, and I’m so grateful to have grown up with black women being seen as loyal and kind and hardworking independent women and getting to roast each other and laugh about it along the way.

  5. I loved Living Single back in the day. I’m glad it holds up. I think it came out the year after I graduated college and moved to Chicago with my college roommate and we watched it religiously. I so related to it.

  6. Thank you for the article, Abeni!! I love this show so much, I talked my family’s ear off about it and they gifted me the first season for Christmas and now that it’s finally on Hulu I can watch it basically every day for the rest of m y life, as God intended.

    And as I’ve done my rewatch, also understanding how they shaped my love for black women and can’t really think of a better guide than that.

  7. I’ve been binge watching Living Single over the past 2 weeks and what stands out to me is how well it has aged. Certainly when I watch some old faves I cringe at the casual misogyny or in black sitcoms at some of the colourism (Martin vs Pam has echoes of that).

    But I haven’t had that with Living Single. The cracks are evenly shared all around. There’s no sense of slut shaming – for instance in the episode with Max and Kyle and their little black books, she rightly mocks him and Obie tells him to get over himself.

    I don’t agree about the men being not shit tropes tbh. There were some really great guys that had a lot going on for them but just weren’t the right match for our girls for whatever reason. They had their flaws but you could understand their motivations. Alonzo, Charles and even Scooter for example, Darryl for Regine and of course Kyle and Max’s relationship. If you want not shit dudes, SATC was full of them. I definitely struggle with liking it in retrospect because the Big relationship was toxic and the others felt like they were telling women you had better settle and take what you can get.

    I’m so grateful I had Living Single to grow up to.

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