18 Books that Are Queer, Feminist or Otherwise Rad Retellings of Classics

Madeline Miller’s Circe was one of the most talked-about books of the year in 2018, and there’s a reason that we all love queer girl revisionings like Malinda Lo’s queer lit contemporary classic Ash. Classics — whether they’re Greek myths, Shakespeare, fairy tales, or even something scriptural — get returned to over and over for a reason; they’re rich with stuff to work with as far as the human experience, and refocusing them to look closer at the perspectives of people who aren’t usually at the center of those stories can reveal incredible stuff. In that vein, here are 18 books that look at classic tales from a new point of view.

Naamah, Sarah Blake

We know the story of Noah, moved by divine vision to launch their escape. Now, in a work of astounding invention, acclaimed writer Sarah Blake reclaims the story of his wife, Naamah, the matriarch who kept them alive. Here is the woman torn between faith and fury, lending her strength to her sons and their wives, caring for an unruly menagerie of restless creatures, silently mourning the lover she left behind. Here is the woman escaping into the unreceded waters, where a seductive angel tempts her to join a strange and haunted world. Here is the woman tormented by dreams and questions of her own–questions of service and self-determination, of history and memory, of the kindness or cruelty of fate.

Circe, Madeline Miller

Circe is a strange child – not powerful, like her father, nor viciously alluring, like her mother. Turning to the world of mortals for companionship, she discovers that she does possess power – the power of witchcraft, which can transform rivals into monsters and menace the gods themselves. Threatened, Zeus banishes her to a deserted island, where she hones her occult craft, tames wild beasts and crosses paths with many of the most famous figures in all of mythology, including the Minotaur; Daedalus and his doomed son, Icarus; the murderous Medea; and, of course, wily Odysseus. With unforgettably vivid characters, mesmerizing language and pause-resisting suspense, Circe is a triumph of storytelling, an intoxicating epic of family rivalry, palace intrigue, and love and loss as well as a celebration of indomitable female strength in a man’s world.

Lavinia, Ursula K Le Guin

In a richly imagined, beautiful novel, an acclaimed writer gives an epic heroine her voice. In The Aeneid, Vergil’s hero fights to claim the king’s daughter, Lavinia, with whom he is destined to found an empire. Lavinia herself never speaks a word. Now, Ursula K. Le Guin gives Lavinia a voice in a novel that takes us to the half-wild world of ancient Italy, when Rome was a muddy village near seven hills.

The Penelopiad, Margaret Atwood

Describing her own remarkable vision, the author writes in the foreword, “I’ve chosen to give the telling of the story to Penelope and to the twelve hanged maids. The maids form a chanting and singing Chorus, which focuses on two questions that must pose themselves after any close reading of the Odyssey: What led to the hanging of the maids, and what was Penelope really up to? The story as told in the Odyssey doesn’t hold water: there are too many inconsistencies. I’ve always been haunted by the hanged maids and, in The Penelopiad, so is Penelope herself.”

Galatea, Madeline Miller

In Ancient Greece, a skilled marble sculptor has been blessed by a goddess who has given his masterpiece – the most beautiful woman the town has ever seen – the gift of life. Now his wife, Galatea is expected to be obedience and humility personified, but it is not long before she learns to use her beauty as a form of manipulation. In a desperate bid by her obsessive husband to keep her under control, she is locked away under the constant supervision of doctors and nurses. But with a daughter to rescue, she is determined to break free, whatever the cost…

Love in the Time of Global Warming, Francesca Lia Block

Seventeen-year-old Penelope (Pen) has lost everything―her home, her parents, and her ten-year-old brother. Like a female Odysseus in search of home, she navigates a dark world full of strange creatures, gathers companions and loses them, finds love and loses it, and faces her mortal enemy.

The Rose and the Beast, Francesca Lia Block

Escaping the poisoned apple, Snow frees herself from possession to find the truth of love in an unexpected place. A club girl from L.A., awakening from a long sleep to the memories of her past, finally finds release from its curse. And Beauty learns that Beasts can understand more than men. Within these singular, timeless landscapes, the brutal and the magical collide, and the heroine triumphs because of the strength she finds in a pen, a paintbrush, a lover, a friend, a mother, and finally, in herself.

Autobiography of Red, Anne Carson

The award-winning poet reinvents a genre in a stunning work that is both a novel and a poem, both an unconventional re-creation of an ancient Greek myth and a wholly original coming-of-age story set in the present. Geryon, a young boy who is also a winged red monster, reveals the volcanic terrain of his fragile, tormented soul in an autobiography he begins at the age of five. As he grows older, Geryon escapes his abusive brother and affectionate but ineffectual mother, finding solace behind the lens of his camera and in the arms of a young man named Herakles, a cavalier drifter who leaves him at the peak of infatuation. When Herakles reappears years later, Geryon confronts again the pain of his desire and embarks on a journey that will unleash his creative imagination to its fullest extent.

Girl Meets Boy, Ali Smith

Girl meets boy. It’s a story as old as time. But in Whitbread winner Ali Smith’s lyrical, funny, mash-up of Ovid’s most joyful gender-bending metamorphosis story, girl meets boy in so many more ways than one. Imogen and Anthea, sisters that are opposites, work together at Pure, a creative agency attempting to “bottle imagination, politics, and nature” in the form of a new Scottish bottled-water business with global aspirations. Anthea, somewhat flighty and bored with the office environment, becomes enamored of an “interventionist protest artist” nicknamed Iphisol, whose billboard-size corporate slurs around town are the bane of Pure’s existence. And when Anthea and Iphisol meet, it’s a match made in heaven. Girl Meets Boy is about girls and boys, girls and girls, love and transformation, the absurdity of consumerism, as well as a story of reversals and revelations that’s as sharply witty as it is lyrical.

Kissing the Witch, Emma Donoghue

Thirteen tales are unspun from the deeply familiar, and woven anew into a collection of fairy tales that wind back through time. Acclaimed Irish author Emma Donoghue reveals heroines young and old in unexpected alliances–sometimes treacherous, sometimes erotic, but always courageous. Told with luminous voices that shimmer with sensuality and truth, these age-old characters shed their antiquated cloaks to travel a seductive new landscape, radiantly transformed.Cinderella forsakes the handsome prince and runs off with the fairy godmother; Beauty discovers the Beast behind the mask is not so very different from the face she sees in the mirror; Snow White is awakened from slumber by the bittersweet fruit of an unnamed desire.

The Bloody Chamber, Angela Carter

From familiar fairy tales and legends – Red Riding Hood, Bluebeard, Puss-in-Boots, Beauty and the Beast, vampires, werewolves – Angela Carter has created an absorbing collection of dark, sensual, fantastic stories.

Boy, Snow, Bird, Helen Oyeyemi

In the winter of 1953, Boy Novak arrives by chance in a small town in Massachusetts looking, she believes, for beauty—the opposite of the life she’s left behind in New York. She marries Arturo Whitman, a local widower, and becomes stepmother to his winsome daughter, Snow.

A wicked stepmother is a creature Boy never imagined she’d become, but elements of the familiar tale of aesthetic obsession begin to play themselves out when the birth of Boy’s daughter, Bird, who is dark-skinned, exposes the Whitmans as light-skinned African-Americans passing for white. And even as Boy, Snow, and Bird are divided, their estrangement is complicated by an insistent curiosity about one another. In seeking an understanding that is separate from the image each presents to the world, Boy, Snow, and Bird confront the tyranny of the mirror to ask how much power surfaces really hold.

The Merry Spinster, Daniel Mallory Ortberg

A collection of darkly mischievous stories based on classic fairy tales. Adapted from the beloved “Children’s Stories Made Horrific” series, “The Merry Spinster” takes up the trademark wit that endeared Ortberg to readers of both The Toast and the best-selling debut Texts From Jane Eyre. The feature has become among the most popular on the site, with each entry bringing in tens of thousands of views, as the stories proved a perfect vehicle for Ortberg’s eye for deconstruction and destabilization. Sinister and inviting, familiar and alien all at the same time, The Merry Spinster updates traditional children’s stories and fairy tales with elements of psychological horror, emotional clarity, and a keen sense of feminist mischief.

Transformations, Anne Sexton

These poem-stories are a strange retelling of seventeen Grimms fairy tales, including “Snow White,” “Rumpelstiltskin,” “Rapunzel,” “The Twelve Dancing Princesses,” “The Frog Prince,” and “Red Riding Hood.” Astonishingly, they are as wholly personal as Anne Sexton’s most intimate poems.

Ash, Malinda Lo

In the wake of her father’s death, Ash is left at the mercy of her cruel stepmother. Consumed with grief, her only joy comes by the light of the dying hearth fire, rereading the fairy tales her mother once told her. In her dreams, someday the fairies will steal her away. When she meets the dark and dangerous fairy Sidhean, she believes that her wish may be granted. The day that Ash meets Kaisa, the King’s Huntress, her heart begins to change. Instead of chasing fairies, Ash learns to hunt with Kaisa. Their friendship, as delicate as a new bloom, reawakens Ash’s capacity for love–and her desire to live. But Sidhean has already claimed Ash for his own, and she must make a choice between fairy tale dreams and true love.

Girls Made of Snow and Glass, Melissa Bashardoust

Sixteen-year-old Mina is motherless, her magician father is vicious, and her silent heart has never beat with love for anyone―has never beat at all, in fact, but she’d always thought that fact normal. She never guessed that her father cut out her heart and replaced it with one of glass. When she moves to Whitespring Castle and sees its king for the first time, Mina forms a plan: win the king’s heart with her beauty, become queen, and finally know love. The only catch is that she’ll have to become a stepmother.

Fifteen-year-old Lynet looks just like her late mother, and one day she discovers why: a magician created her out of snow in the dead queen’s image, at her father’s order. But despite being the dead queen made flesh, Lynet would rather be like her fierce and regal stepmother, Mina. She gets her wish when her father makes Lynet queen of the southern territories, displacing Mina. Now Mina is starting to look at Lynet with something like hatred, and Lynet must decide what to do―and who to be―to win back the only mother she’s ever known…or else defeat her once and for all.

Entwining the stories of both Lynet and Mina in the past and present, Girls Made of Snow and Glass traces the relationship of two young women doomed to be rivals from the start. Only one can win all, while the other must lose everything―unless both can find a way to reshape themselves and their story.

Songs and Stories of the Ghouls, Alice Notley

Left dead after our cultures were broken by triumphant enemies, our stories changed to suit others. We now change them again to suit ourselves. Songs and Stories of the Ghouls purports to give power to the dead—voices to the victims of genocide both ancient and contemporary—and presence to women. Medea did not kill her sons; Dido founds a city, over and over again, the city of the present author’s poetry. In these poems the poet asserts that though her art comes from a tradition as broken as Afghanistan’s statuary, there is always a culture to pass on to one’s children, and one is always involved in doing so. We are the ghouls, the drinkers of the blood-sacs, and we insist that we are alive.

S/He Created Them, Feminist Retellings of Biblical Stories, Naomi Graetz

S/He Created Them is a feminist retelling of biblical tales, the purpose of which is to make the Bible contemporaneous, relevant and religiously meaningful. Graetz is consciously feminist when she attempts to imaginatively rediscover a past in which biblical women were active participants.

Do you have fave feminist retellings? Share in the comments!

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Originally from Boston, MA, Rachel now lives in the Midwest. Topics dear to her heart include bisexuality, The X-Files and tacos. Her favorite Ciara video is probably "Ride," but if you're only going to watch one, she recommends "Like A Boy." You can follow her on twitter and instagram.

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  1. I can’t say enough good things about Merry Spinster- excited to check the rest of this list out!!

  2. Tam Lin by Pamela Dean! Borrowed from the Wikipedia:”Tam Lin is a late 20th-century urban fantasy or fantasy of manners. The story touches on themes including college education, sexuality, contraception, abortion and pregnancy. Dean has referred to this novel as a “love poem” to “my college, and ultimately to the study of English literature.”. I just really love this book, I’ve read it 5 or 6 times.

    • Ooh, I remember this book. I read several, if not all, of books in that series of fairy tale retellings (ed by Terri Windling) back in the day.

      Jack the Giant Killer by Charles deLint was my favorite- and the sequel, Drink Down the Moon, is even better.

      • The covers are beautiful too! Can’t remember the artist of the top of my head but they’re very pretty.

    • This book started my Tam Lin obsession and definitely gave me false expectations for undergrad. Loved it!

      • Between this book and my English literature majoring older sister, I definitely felt the lack of fairy queens my freshman year. Of course, I went to a school in a cow farm in top of a mountain in rural Vermont. And come to think of it, the theater department did do midsummer’s night at the end of that year.

  3. The Seafarer’s Kiss by Julia Ember is a queer retelling of The Little Mermaid from Ursula’s pov. With Viking mythology. A mermaid rescues a Viking shield maiden and challenges the patriarchy.

    I really enjoyed it although it was darker and bloodier than I was expecting based on the cover and the blurb.

    I thought the bi representation was fantastic. I read a NB reviewer on Goodreads who didn’t like the NB rep (Loki is nb and depending on your interpretation is portrayed as really evil or amoral with bad behavior).

    • Oh, interesting! I’ve been wondering about Seafarer’s Kiss, but I hadn’t checked it out yet.

    • I haven’t read the book,but people I know who believe in Loki ( as an actual deity) say he is basically ”dark mischievous” and not all fluffy fun like The Mask would have you believe.

  4. I used to love Anne Sexton but finding out that she molested her daughter really soured that for me.

    I liked Ash by Malinda Lo, and Circe by Madeline Miller was awesome and definitely deserving of all the hype it had in book circles in the past year.

  5. We do not all love Ash. In fact my queer feminist book club read Ash on Autostraddle’s recommendation. The vast majority disliked it. The best praise was a lukewarm “it was okay. I started on the next book in the same world, and it’s much better than Ash.” It was the least popular book club book of the year. We felt very misled by you, Autostraddle.

    • I finally got around to reading Ash and Huntress. I thought they were both very dull and the romances barely present.

    • My book club also thought Ash was very slow. I kept waiting for it to pick up the pace of the romance but it never happened

    • I think Ash was Malina Lo’s first book (Malinda used to write for AfterEllen in the good old days), and it is def on the slower side but I feel like her work really matured as she published more!

  6. I was very excited to read Circe but was very disappointed. While the story itself was interesting, I thought the character of Circe was boring, and I don’t think I like Madeline Miller’s writing style.

    • And also– trying to avoid spoilers– she should NOT have ended up with who she did at the end.

      • She ended up with who she did because that’s what happened in The Telegony, the final part of the great Trojan War Epic Cycle.

  7. Two recent favorites:

    “This Wide Night” by Sarvat Hasin (a retelling of Little Women set in Karachi with some Virgin Suicides thrown in, gorgeous and super lush)

    “Everything Under” by Daisy Johnson (a queer retelling of the Oedipus story, nominated for the Booker Prize this year!)

  8. Jeanette Winterson’s “The Gap of Time,” is a retelling of Shakespeare’s “The Winter’s Tale”!!! By JEANETTE WINTERSON!!!

  9. The Raven and the Reindeer by T. Kingfisher is a fantastic lesbian retelling of the Snow Queen. Likeable characters, well told, and somehow it incorporates all the weirdest parts of the original story.

  10. I’m still not over Circe and I cannot WAIT to start devouring the rest of these!

  11. “Exit, Pursued by a Bear” by EK Johnston: a YA retelling of A Winter’s Tale about Canadian cheerleaders. If you aren’t already sold it also has some of the most nuanced and feminist discussion of rape culture I’ve read in YA.

    Seanan McGuire’s Every Heart a Doorway/wayward children series is a whole bunch of fuck-tropes retellings of classic fairy tale conceits.

    Sea Witch by Sarah Henning has mermaids and mystery and sad Danish girls.

    Speak Easy, Speak Love by McKelle George is a 1920s retelling of Much Ado About Nothing set in a Long Island speakeasy. The aesthetic is right on

  12. Ooh, retold fairy tales have always been my favorite, so this list is like catnip to my heart!

    Ella Enchanted and Spindle’s End are brilliant adaptations (of Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty respectively) that I grew up reading over and over again. They’re both ostensibly straight, but feature romantic female friendships at the heart of their stories.

    • Thank you for this list! I loved The Penelopiad and I’m curious about the other books!

  13. I’m sorry, I’m writing ALL of these down. Greek myth retellings are something I’m really chomping on right now but I’m also down for Shakespeare retellings. I took a quiz on what Shakespeare stock character I am (I know, I know) and got Girl Who Dresses Like a Boy and was like “Yeah, I can see that.” Like get me a leather doublet and a sword and I’m good so I can smooch girls because what, it’s not weird. I’m just a boy with a youthful face >_O

  14. Boy, Snow, Bird is famously transphobic, I’m surprised to see it here.

    Excited to read the others!

  15. Lost Boi by Sassafras Lowrey!! Surprised to not see it here—queer/punk/leather re-imagining of Peter Pan. Sassafras is also currently playing with lots of fairytale retelling/queering in hir other work.

    Also Weight by Jeanette Winterson is from the same series as Atwood’s Penelopiad. Weight is about the myth of Atlas and Heracles, and it’s brief, poetic, and gorgeous. I am an utter Jeanette fanboi and will always recommend her amazingness. Actually, while we’re at it, Oranges Are Not The Only Fruit was her first novel and incorporates a lot of fairytale elements as dream-like asides.

  16. I scrolled to comment the same thing about Boy, Snow, Bird. That painfully transphobic ending ruined the whole book for me, enough that I’m willing to break my spoiler rule to warn others off of it.

    The Merry Spinster is incredible! Seconding that forever. Some other great trans retellings: Peter Darling by Austin Chant is another queer/trans Peter Pan retelling and one of my favorites. Once and Future is a brand-new King Arthur retelling by Cori McCarthy and Amy Rose Capetta with great across-the-board queer rep (SO good). All Out, a collection of queer short stories, has an incredible Robin Hood retelling, as well as a Little Red Riding Hood retelling by Anne Marie McLemore. And then of course Anne Marie McLemore has done multiple retellings with trans characters, most recently Blanca & Roja, a retelling of Snow White and Rose Red crossed with Swan Princess (heck yes).

    More generally, if anyone’s into graphic novels, I’ve been recommending One Hundred Nights of Hero by Isabel Greenberg to absolutely everyone. It’s a feminist queer retelling of Scherezade and the thousand nights, and as Hero retells stories, she retells famous fairy tales, including “Cruel Sister” and “Twelve Dancing Princesses.” Isabel Greenberg has published An Encyclopedia of Early Earth for fans of Biblical retellings, but I liked One Hundred Nights a bit better. A Study in Honor by Claire O’Dell is a lesbian futuristic dystopian Sherlock Holmes retelling. If tea is your more preference, The Tea Master and the Detective is a queer Sherlock Holmes in space. I haven’t read Aliette de Bodard’s In the Vanishers’ Palace yet, but it’s a wlw Beauty and the Beast retelling with an all-Vietnamese cast where the Beast is a dragon (I’m into it). Echo after Echo by Amy Rose Capetta is a queer Phantom of the Opera with a bi girl lead, though it’s a more loose retelling. And A Thousand Beginnings and Endings is a book of short stories that reimagine East and South Asian folklore, complete with queer and feminist retellings. Highly, highly recommend.

    I have more but I’m going to stop now because this definitely became longer than intended. Thanks for the cool article! I look forward to checking out my unread books on this list.

    • Wow, this is amazing and much appreciated! I have a few of those books checked out from the library, and will definitely look for the others.

      (Once and Future was SO GOOD, cannot wait for the sequel)

    • I looked up a bunch of your recommends, but the library here doesn’t have them….. YET. I put in requests!

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