Making Community Out of Isolation by Learning Furious Self-Creation

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Being a lesbian in South Louisiana requires navigating contradictions. When I’m affectionate with my partner in public, we are often harassed. My friends and colleagues at Louisiana State University support us. But when it comes to university policies, we’re invisible: there are no domestic partner benefits at LSU. The campus women’s health clinic refuses to include questions about same-sex partners on their intake forms.

I’m a transplant from Northampton, MA. In the eight years I’ve lived here, I’ve found a wonderful community of writers, scholars, and friends. I fell in love with a woman from Pennsylvania (because we Yankees find each other) and we’ve been together for five years. Since I moved here for graduate school, I wanted to talk to other lesbians and queer woman about our lives in South Louisiana. How did they wade through the juxtaposition of so many kind, fun people with a hostile political climate? Did the religious protestors at Baton Rouge Pride make them want to tear their hair out in frustration too?

I kept hoping I would magically stumble upon a group of lesbians, then invite them over for dinner so I could hear how they dealt. Then I read the lesbian feminist Julia Penelope.

The lesbian perspective demands heterodoxy, deviant and unpopular thinking, requires us to love ourselves for being outcasts, to create for ourselves the grounds of our being. The Lesbian Perspective isn’t something we acquire as soon as we step out of our closets. It’s as much a process of unlearning as it is learning. It’s something we have to work at, nurture, encourage, develop. The Lesbian Perspective is furious self-creation. –Julia Penelope, “Exploring the Lesbian Perspective.”

Julia Penelope says that coming out as a lesbian is an internal decision a woman makes alone, against the odds of a culture mandating heterosexuality. For her, recognizing ourselves as lesbians/queer women is only the beginning. The work is in creating our community as we define ourselves. The work is in finding the Lesbian Perspective. Autostraddle is one excellent example of this perspective: it celebrates and preserves lesbian/queer women’s culture. It contains a multitude of viewpoints and experiences in one space.
Reading Julia Penelope, I realized I needed to stop daydreaming and furiously create the conversation I longed to have. With help from creative consultant Bonny McDonald, I designed a movement based workshop based on Julia Penelope’s “Exploring the Lesbian Perspective” essay. Bonny and I used techniques from Augusto Boal’s Theatre of the Oppressed and Games for Actors and Non-actors to inspire us. Boal’s theater methods focus on helping oppressed people advocate for themselves and combat their own internalized oppression. Julia Penelope passed away in January; as I developed this workshop, I thought she might have liked to hear about South Louisiana lesbians using our bodies as tools to envision, celebrate, and preserve lesbian culture.

Caption: Augusto Boal at Harvard. Image, Stephanie Mitchell, via

Augusto Boal at Harvard. Image, Stephanie Mitchell, via Harvard Gazette

Spectrum, the LSU queer student organization, offered to sponsor and advertise my workshop. I talked to Spectrum member Jodi about whether to limit the workshop to queer identified cis and transwomen or to open it to all. Though Julia Penelope was a lesbian separatist, we decided to keep it open, as it fit more with Spectrum’s inclusive spirit. I was excited that non-queer women and queer men were interested enough in the lesbian perspective to complete a two hour workshop on it. Over the weekend of April 19th, I ran two workshops, both with queer and straight participants.

Having a queer/straight variety mimicked lesbian experiences in Baton Rouge: our only bar closed a year ago. There are no lesbian/queer woman centric spaces in our city or on LSU’s campus. This mixed workshop helped the queer women at the workshop think about the role of discomfort in their lives. As Jodi, 22, put it, “being a queer woman you’re always in a space where you are uncomfortable – you have to get used to being uncomfortable.” Kerry, 21, mentioned that “as a lesbian, the uncomfortableness is something you deal with in your everyday life.” She told me the workshop helped her to relax about discomfort.

The Lesbian Perspective isn’t something we acquire as soon as we step out of our closets. It’s as much a process of unlearning as it is learning. It’s something we have to work at, nurture, encourage, develop. The Lesbian Perspective is furious self-creation. If we can imagine ourselves into being, if we can refuse to accept the labels and descriptions of men, the “possibilities are endless.” – Julia Penelope

To work with this excerpt, I asked the participants to shape their bodies into statues to represent the word “refuse.” With bent elbows, fists, and nervous laughter, they stepped into the world of Julia Penelope’s essay. Sculpting your own body to represent an idea allows you to know deeply. Embodied words sink into your bones.

As the ten participants stood in statues, the word refuse became three dimensional. We took turns circling each other’s statues. And here is where having a mixed queer/straight crowd let us see things we might not have otherwise: the refuse postures of the queer identified women were all protective. Often they had one arm over their hearts or chest, while the other arm pushed away from their bodies. The other women used their entire upper bodies to refuse. Both their shoulders, hands, and arms pressed outward. This difference concretely demonstrated the restrictions homophobia places on queer women. Even in our defiance, we hold back a part of ourselves.

As we shifted into statues of nurture, another pattern emerged.

“When we went from the refuse statue to the nurture statue, it struck me that the individuals who identified as gay were in stances that were self-nurturing, and the women who hadn’t identified as gay were in poses where they were nurturing an infant. This made me wonder if maybe we as Lesbians have a tendency to feel the need to nurture ourselves because of growing up different, with a secret.” Susan, 51.

Susan and her partner, Brenda, are both Louisiana natives. As we discussed the refuse and nurture poses, Brenda told us that in 1967, when she was 17, her family put her in a South Louisiana psych ward to be “fixed.” “The hospital told my parents they were the ones with the problem,” Brenda said. (Her family has long since come around.) Brenda’s story showed that even in 1967, South Louisiana was filled with contradictions for queer folks: an unaccepting family but an understanding hospital staff. Now, in 2013, I still find allies here in places I did not expect.

After we made refuse and nurture statues, I instructed the workshop participants to position two of the statues in relationship to one another.

Alyson and David in Refuse and Nurture

Alyson and David in Refuse and Nurture

They placed refuse so she protected nurture. The angles of refuse and nurture shared common forms: bent elbows and protected chests. Talking about these poses led to a discussion about caring for ourselves as queer women. Jodi mentioned how before she came out, she never thought about self-care, but now, in order to survive, she must. Through these exercise, we realized collectively that self-nurturing grounds queer women in our own strength.

After the workshop, Kerry and Susan told me that one of the most powerful activities for them was “The Real to Ideal.” For this, the group picked three women to first make statues which represented the actual experience of lesbian/queer women in Baton Rouge (the Real), then the rest of us directed them into poses to represent the Ideal.

“There was such a huge difference between everyone’s depiction of the Real experience and the Ideal experience. Physically acting out the two experiences gave me a deeper, more tangible understanding of just how much repression I experience day to day, and how joyful I would be if I were able to live completely as myself without having to be guarded about my sexual orientation.” -Susan

“It reminded me of my own life. With my family, I’m the Real. I’m cautious about how I act and what I say. With my friends, I’m the Ideal. I can be myself.” -Kerry

In the Real poses, Jodi crouched on the floor while Kerry stood with one arm in front of her face. Susan pointed her left elbow into the air and jutted out her right hip. Each woman gazed in a different direction. We had different interpretations of Susan’s elbow. Her partner thought Susan was leaning on something for support; another participant thought Susan was punching someone away with her elbow. Susan told us we were all wrong: her pose described being pulled in two different directions.

Our trouble interpreting Susan’s pose reminded me of political responses in Louisiana to GLBT rights: some view equality as asking for special privileges. Others see us as sinful and sick. Others support us. In our daily lives in South Louisiana, lesbian/queer women are tugged in opposite directions. Trying to just be while fighting for our right to be can exhaust us. And even within our own community and relationships, we can easily misinterpret each other. In the days after the workshop, I thought of some Facebook dyke drama between another lesbian and me. How much of it was her trying to survive, being pulled in different directions? How much of it was me misinterpreting her actions as hostile?

We finished the workshop by sculpting the three women in Real poses to Ideal poses. The group arranged the three in a line with their arms linked: Susan stood in the middle, flanked by Jodi and Kerry. The group noticed that in the Ideal, Susan anchored Jodi and Kerry, which allowed them both to lift their outside arms skyward. Finally, we all stood in a circle, then each of us formed an Ideal pose. We ended with open arms, wide feet, and enormous grins.

About the author
: Penelope Dane can’t quit Louisiana. She has work forthcoming in “This Assignment is So Gay: LGBTQ Poets on the Art of Teaching” and “My Body My Health: Women’s Stories.” When she isn’t writing her dissertation, she works on her novel, “Clay Memory.” She blogs about what she and her partner are cooking and what oppression they are fighting at She would love to run an Exploring the Lesbian Perspective workshop for you.

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Penelope Dane can't quit Louisiana. She has work forthcoming in "This Assignment is So Gay: LGBTQ Poets on the Art of Teaching" and "My Body My Health: Women's Stories." When she isn't writing her dissertation, she works on her novel, "Clay Memory." She blogs about what she and her partner are cooking and what oppression they are fighting at She would love to run an Exploring the Lesbian Perspective workshop for you.

Penelope has written 2 articles for us.


  1. Absolutely beautifully written – My family is from south Louisiana as well and my mom went to LSU and much of what I have faced in coming out to her is embedded in the environment that is there. Thank you for sharing with us…

    • Thanks, Amanda! The environment here is tough – one of the things I find makes it difficult/odd/disorienting is the mixture of attitudes. The unpredictability can be beautiful at times, and frightening at others. I wish you all the best on your coming out journey.

  2. This is really amazing. I’m a member of Lambda at NSU in Natchitoches, La, and I’d be really interested in learning more about this workshop. If we would be able to get enough interest in to do something like this would you be willing to lead a workshop here or work with us to create a similar event in the fall?

    I’m not sure if we have a large enough lesbian community at NSU for it to work, but if it was opened to the high school we share a campus with or maybe even Natchitoches as a whole (it’s really small as far as college towns go), then I think there would be enough interest.

    • Michelle,

      Thanks! I would love to do a workshop in Natchitoches. Private message me and we can exchange contact info and figure out the details.

  3. Thanks for this article. As a dancer, I found it fascinating.

    I personally struggle with this kind of expression every day.

  4. “Furious self-creation” is exactly right. Thank you for speaking to how queer experiences have such deep paradoxes and contradictions and how surviving as queer in public and private is so tied up in ferociously forging space to do so especially when support is not structurally allowed.

  5. Penelope’s quote reminded me of something Rachel Maddow said on Letterman last month.
    On her experience at Harvard:
    “I was very alienated. I never felt like I fit in but I’ve decided that’s my greatest…that’s like my super power. I never, ever fit in and it forces me to struggle out of insecurity in a way that sometimes results in success.”
    I have lots of feelings about that statement and was annoyed that Letterman quickly went on to the next topic without so much as a grunt of acknowledgement.

  6. Penelope!! This is beautiful!

    I am a grad student at LSU too and native New Orleanian – though I went to college in Northampton and loved it! Jodi is one of the best people I know. I think she was telling me about this when we matched together at Slutwalk New Orleans.

    I would love to meet up some time and see if there are any ways we can collaborate.

  7. Ace – yes! PM me. Alex – it is so difficult to find these spaces in everyday life. I have some dance in my background too – I think that makes Boal extra appealing! Spindrift – Thanks! And yes, finding space for ourselves is extremely tough without social structures to support us. Another reason I’m grateful for Autostraddle! Sydney – Thanks for sharing that quote. I think Julia Penelope would love the idea of our outsider status as a “super power.” Of course Letterman wouldn’t get it – he’s already made it inside!

  8. My favorite lines:

    “Trying to just be while fighting for our right to be can exhaust us.”

    “The environment here is tough – one of the things I find makes it difficult/odd/disorienting is the mixture of attitudes. The unpredictability can be beautiful at times, and frightening at others.”

    These are things I think about a lot- while at the same time, trying to be aware of how much self-awareness is too much/too harmful. And I do agree, the unpredictability of other people’s reactions (whether to sexual orientation or to anything, really) and even of the world in general around us can actually be viewed as a thing of beauty. The yogic practice of embracing impermanence is what has enabled me to have this perspective: no matter what you’re experiencing- pain or pleasure- the only thing you can truly know is that it won’t last. That can offer the liberation of perspective, or at least it does for me- and I hope that others suffering in upsetting or oppressive situations can find solace in that.

    And I have to say, I’m not at all surprised at David Letterman’s inability to engage on a topic not directed related to increasing his ego or net worth!

  9. This is absolutely brilliant. Thank you for sharing your knowledge, helping to inspire, and paving the way for other individuals that hope to bridge these gaps of miscommunication to understanding.

  10. This workshop sounds like it went great. I’m sorry to have missed it. Great article!

  11. I wish I knew about this when I was still in BR! Especially since I felt pretty alone in BR in general. I’m also sorry to have missed it! Thanks for the article!

  12. I live in Japan right now, and while it’s not as hostile as LA, the truth is that the majority of Japanese people firmly believe that homosexuality is a myth, or something that only happens in other places. I have heard many Japanese people say with complete seriousness, “We don’t have gay people in Japan.” So, it would be really interesting for me to see or participate in a workshop like this one here in Japan and to see what queer and straight women think about the queer experience. I almost ran a workshop just like this at an event called, Dyke Weekend, but didn’t because I felt ill-equipped (my Boal is rusty and I don’t have a copy here), so I’d love to hear more about how you crafted your workshop!

    • Just dive in! (Or message me if you have more questions). Most of the exercises came right out of “Games.” We did lots of movement warm ups, statues, made, then broke a heteropatriarchy machine (sadly, I couldn’t fit that part in the piece). I also did a private practice run through with friends which helped me work out the kinks. Looking forward to hearing about what you come up!

  13. Thank you so much for sharing, Penelope. Your work is really amazing and important and the way you’ve described it is so vibrant and beautiful.

    I’m working with some friends on starting a queer community cafe and performance space in Seattle… partly because many of the “gay” spaces in Seattle tend to be male-dominated bars/clubs. Anyway, I’d love to connect with you to learn more about your experience since one of the things I’m hoping to do in the space is start hosting interactive theater workshops similar to the ones you’ve described above :-)

  14. Penelope,
    Great job on the article and the workshop sounds awesome! I’m curious if you have made or will make any attempt to see what kind of lasting change the workshop makes for its participants. I could see it being powerful for both the lesbian and straight participants. Thank you for letting us all know about this and good luck with future efforts!

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