The Dyke Kitchen: My Dad’s South Indian Gunpowder

The Dyke Kitchen written over a drippy yellow shape that has checkerboard at the ends

The Dyke Kitchen is a bi-weekly series about how queerness, identity, culture and love are expressed through food and cooking.

There are some tastes of home that transport me back into my parents’ kitchen immediately. I mentioned this one in my very first edition of The Dyke Kitchen because I hold it dear. It’s a South Indian condiment or accompaniment that we call gunpowder. It also goes by a few different names, including molaha podi, as Julie Sahni, the expert on Indian cooking in our home, calls it.

As a little kid, I mostly ate gunpowder on idlis and watched my dad eat it on rice, but it scared me a little. It’s made from ground up lentils and spices, and so it has a rough, gritty quality in your mouth and can be really spicy, depending on how hot your chilies are. Compared to the tame Japanese comfort foods I ate as a child, gunpowder was a little wild. Now, as with so many of my favorite flavors, I like to put it on everything from avocado toast and oatmeal to salmon, but I still primarily eat it on rice with ghee — that’s where it sings.

“When we were growing up, we always called it gunpowder because it makes you fart,” my dad, Balaram, says and cracks up. I, personally, always thought it was called gunpowder because it was spicy, and maybe possibly that the asafoetida that we put in smelled a little like farts. I have not yet had the experience that gunpowder makes me fart, but I guess you can heed my dad’s warning and continue at your own risk.

front shot of my dad, a south indian man in a baseball cap and bright green t-shirt that says Mud Hens baseball on it, holding up a finished batch of gunpowder in the blender

My dad is the one who has introduced his mom’s South Indian recipes into our family, but my mom is also just as responsible for carrying them along. I watched both of them make a batch of gunpowder this weekend, and they have just ever-so-slight differences — which chilies they use, how long they toast the ingredients — that do make each batch a little different. I like to think that one day, when I stop being a baby and make my own, mine will have its own signature twists too.

How To Make Gunpowder

Our recipe is basically a double recipe from Julie Sahni’s Classic Vegetarian and Grain Cooking with a few small changes. My dad told me that when his family was living in South Dakota, his mom had to order their Indian spices from New York and his mom would substitute split peas for chana dal in various recipes, which worked but was also pretty different. So we suggest hitting up your online or local South Asian grocery for these ingredients, and you will need a blender or spice grinder to mix them up.


4 tablespoons chana dal

4 tablespoons urad dal

15-20 dry chili pods, you can alter this based on your chilies and desired spice levels. My mom used Japanese chilies and my dad used some Diaspora Co. chilies that I gave him.

1 teaspoon Hing powder or asafoetida

4 tablespoons sesame seeds

2 teaspoons salt

3 teaspoons brown sugar, my mom only added one to hers and my dad’s family doesn’t use any at all, but I do prefer a little sugar to bring out the nuttiness.


To make gunpowder, some people might have you fry your ingredients in oil, but we do ours straight in a hot frying pan to give it more of a char than fry. So begin by toasting the chana and urad dal, sesame seeds, chilies and asafoetida, which you can do in separate pans, like my dad does, or just have them take turns in the same pan. Stir them pretty constantly until they all have some browning on all of it, but hopefully not a burn.

overhead shot of a South Indian dad in a baseball cap stirring toasting urad dal at a stove top for his gunpowder recipe

Set these aside and let them cool.

three frying pans with charred white urad dal, yellow chana dal, and red chiilies

When you can safely handle the ingredients, start by pulsing the the chana dal and the chilies together. My dad advises that these tend to be the hardest to break down into small pieces. So get them to a chunky processed texture. My dad also advises that when you open the lid on the blender, the chili powder that gets released might make you sneeze, so be careful.

shot into a blender of chana dal and chili peppers about to get blended

Then you’ll add the rest of your ingredients. Pulse to blend these. You don’t want to a super fine powder, the idea is to leave a little bite in there.

freshly blended slightly textured, slightly orange, kinda tan gunpowder in a blender

Once you have a ground-down powder, you’re done! You can store it in a sealed jar for a very long time without it going bad. It might lose some of its spicy ferocity over time, we generally don’t make too much at one time.

one brown hands shovels gunpowder from a blender into a small ball jar with an orange spatula

A few last tips from my dad:

  • A great way to clean your blender or spice grinder is to fill it with soapy water and run it, so the soap and water get all in the blades.

blender full of sudsy water sitting on a counter, and a blue glover hand about to press the switch

  • I ate our fresh gunpowder over rice a coconut rice that my dad made too. For that dish, he cooked one cup of Basmati rice with one cup of water and one cup of coconut milk. Once it was steamed, he fluffed it with lime zest and some chopped up green onions. It was a really delicious pairing for the gunpowder!

a brown hands holds a small bowl of coconut rice covered in a heavy sprinkle of gunpowder on top

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Kamala Puligandla

Kamala Puligandla lives in LA and is the writer of various autobiographical fictions. She is the distinguished recipient of her parents' leftovers and hair compliments from strangers on the street. Her first novel is forthcoming from Not A Cult. Find her work at

Kamala has written 50 articles for us.


  1. Thank you for sharing this recipe!

    I’d like to try this out, but I don’t think I’ll be able to get my hands on asafoetida for quite a while. How integral is it to the spice mix?
    I might try using some garlic powder as a substitute (unless you have some other recommendation!) and I guess I will still get a delicious if somewhat different-tasting condiment :)

    • It’s pretty common and I’ve never had an issue with it, it’s pretty ground up and you’re generally not eating more than a few tablespoons, but if that’s off-putting to you, that’s okay!

    • Toasting the lentils like this is plenty to break down the toxic elements in the raw lentils. It’s the heat that does it, and it doesn’t take very long. From my reading, problems mostly happen when people sprout beans insufficiently, or use a slow cooker that doesn’t actually get hot enough.

  2. “A great way to clean your blender or spice grinder is to fill it with soapy water and run it, so the soap and water get all in the blades.”


    How have I never been taught this before? Genius! Thanks, Balaram!!

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